Theme: The importance
of the West grew in the early nineteenth century. Cheap land attracted immigrants
and natives alike, and, after some technological innovations, the West became
an agricultural giant. The increased output also spurred transportation developments
to tie this developing region to the rest of the United States.
Theme: In the era of
Jacksonian democracy, the American population grew rapidly and changed in
character. More people lived in the raw West and in the expanding cities,
and immigrant groups like the Irish and Germans added their labor power to
Americas economy, sometimes arousing hostility from native-born Americans
in the process.
Theme: In the early
nineteenth century, the American economy developed the beginnings of industrialization.
The greatest advances occurred in transportation, as canals and railroads
bound the Union together into a continental economy with strong regional specialization.