Theme: The American
effort in the War of 1812 was plagued by poor strategy, political divisions,
and increasingly aggressive British power. Nevertheless, the United States
escaped with a stalemated peace settlement, and soon turned its isolationist
back to the Atlantic European world.
Theme: The aftermath
of the War of 1812 produced a strong surge of American nationalism that was
reflected in economics, law, and foreign policy. The rising nationalistic
spirit and sense of political unity was, however, threatened by the first
severe sectional dispute over slavery.
Theme: Chief Justice
John Marshall's Supreme Court strengthened the federal government by supporting
a "loose construction" of the Constitution, asserting the federal judiciary's
power over state courts, and enforcing economic provisions in the Constitution
(interstate commerce, sanctity of contracts).