effective, pragmatic policies strengthened the principles of two-party republican
government, even though the Jeffersonian revolution caused sharp
partisan battles between Federalists and Republicans over particular issues.
Theme: Despite his
intentions, Jefferson became deeply entangled in the foreign-policy conflicts
of the Napoleonic era, leading to a highly unpopular and failed embargo that
revived the moribund Federalist Party.
Theme: James Madison
fell into an international trap, set by Napoleon, that Jefferson had avoided.
Western War Hawks enthusiasm for a war with Britain was matched by
New Englanders hostility.