Theme: Compared with
its seventeenth-century counterpart, eighteenth-century colonial society became
more complex and hierarchical, more ethnically and religiously diverse, and
more economically and politically developed.
Theme: Colonial culture,
while still limited, took on distinct American qualities in such areas as
evangelical religion, education, press freedom, and self-government.
Theme: England's Atlantic
sea-board colonies, with their population growth and substantial agricultural
exports, grew and developed in importance to the English empire. So, the relationship
between England and these colonies was shifting economically, politically,
and culturally. Colonists sold their agricultural abundance not only to England,
but also to France and the West Indies. Royal authority was checked by colonial
legislatures that sometimes refused to pay governors' salaries and the famous
Zenger case. Schools and colleges emerged and the cultural reliance on England
began to fade.