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Glossary

Chapter 39: The Stalemated Seventies, 1968-1980

anti-ballistic missile

a defensive missile designed to intercept and destroy an offensive missile in flight.

born-again

the evangelical Christian belief in a spiritual renewal or rebirth, involving a personal experience of conversion and a commitment to moral transformation.

Commando

member of a small, elite military force trained to carry out difficult missions, often with territory controlled by the enemy.

Devaluation

in economics, steps taken to reduce the purchasing power of a given unit of currency in relation to foreign currencies.

executive privilege

in American government, the claim that certain information known to the president or the executive branch of government should be unavailable to Congress or the courts because of the principle of separation of powers.

Kremlin

the extensive palace complex in Moscow that houses the Soviet (Russian) government; hence, a shorthand term for the Soviet or Russian government.

Marxism

the doctrines of Karl Marx, advocated or followed by worldwide communist parties and by some democratic socialists.

Moratorium

a period in which economic or social activity is suspended, often to achieve certain defined goals.

Recession

a moderate and short-term economic downturn, less severe than a depression. (Economists define a recession as two consecutive quarters, six months, of declining gross domestic product.)

Vietnamization

U.S. policy of scaling back American involvement in Vietnam and helping Vietnamese forces fight their own war.


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