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Glossary

Chapter 37: The Eisenhower Era, 1952-1960

Brinkmanship

practice of seeking to win disputes in international politics by creating the impression of being willing to push a highly dangerous situation to the limit.

Confiscation

the seizure of property by a public authority, often as a penalty.

de facto

existing in practice, though not officially established by law.

de jure

laws that actually separated the races in the post-Civil War South, called Jim Crow laws, that existed until the Civil Rights Acts of 1964.

Iconoclastic

literally, a breaking of sacred images; hence, by extension, any action that assaults ideas or principles held in reverence of high regard.

McCarthyism

the practice of making sweeping, unfounded charges against innocent people with consequent loss of reputation, job, and so on.

secondary boycott

a boycott of goods, aimed not at the employer or company directly involved in a dispute but at those who do business with that company.

Taboo

a social prohibition or rule that results from strict tradition or convention.

Thermonuclear

concerning the heat released in nuclear fission; specifically, the use of that heat in hydrogen bombs.

Universalism

the belief in the fundamental moral and social unity of humankind, which are held to transcend particular local cultures or beliefs.


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