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Glossary

Chapter 12: The Second War for Independence and the Upsurge of Nationalism, 1812-1824

Armistice

a temporary stopping of warfare by mutual agreement, usually in preparation for an actual peace negotiation between the parties.

Boom

in economics, period of sudden, spectacular expansion of business activity or prices.

Contract

in law, an agreement in which each of two or more parties binds themselves to perform some act in exchange for what the other party similarly pledges to do.

Demagogic

concerning a leader who stirs up the common people by appeals to emotion and prejudice, often for selfish or irrational ends.

Dynasty

a succession of rulers in the same family line; by extension, any system of predetermined succession in power (Virginia Dynasty).

internal improvements

the basic public works, such as roads and canals, that create the structure for economic development.

Intrastate

something existing wholly within a state of the United States. (Interstate refers to movement between two or more states.)

peculiar institution

widely used term for the institution of American black slavery.

Protection

in economics, the policy of stimulating or preserving domestic producers by placing barriers against imported goods, often through high tariffs.

raw materials

products in their natural, unmanufactured state.

reaction(ary)

in politics, extreme conservatism, looking to restore the political or social conditions of some earlier time.

Regiment

a medium-sized military unit, larger than a company or battalion and smaller than a division.

wildcat bank

an unregulated, speculative bank that issues notes without sufficient capital to back them.


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