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Glossary

Chapter 3: Settling the Northern Colonies, 1619-1700

Asylum

a place of refuge and security, especially for the persecuted or unfortunate.

Autocratic

absolute or dictatorial rule.

Blue laws

laws designed to restrict personal behavior in accord with a strict code of morality.

Calling

in Protestantism, the belief that saved individuals have a religious obligation to engage in worldly work.

Commonwealth

an organized civil government or social order united for a shared purpose.

Congregationalism

form of Protestant church government in which the local congregation is independent and self-governing; in the colonies, the Puritans were Congregationalists.

Conversion

a religious turn to God, thought by Calvinists to involve an intense, identifiable personal experience of grace.

Elect

in Calvinist doctrine, those who have been chosen by God for salvation.

Ethnic

concerning diverse peoples or cultures, specifically those of non-Anglo-Saxon background.

Heresy

departure from correct or officially defined (religious) belief.

Naturalization

the granting of citizenship to foreigners or immigrants.

Passive resistance

nonviolent action or opposition to authority, often in accord with religious or moral beliefs.

Predestination

the Calvinist doctrine that God has foreordained some people to be saved and some to be damned.

Proprietary

concerning exclusive legal ownership, as of colonies granted to individuals by the monarch.

Seditious

concerning resistance to or rebellions against the government.

Visible saints

in Calvinism, those who publicly proclaimed their experience of conversion and were expected to lead godly lives.


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