Examining Related Evidence: Muller v.
This internet activity is based on the Examining the Evidence feature found on page 663 in chapter 28 of The American Pageant
, Thirteenth Edition. Or you can view the feature here
Court records, such as transcripts of Supreme Court decisions, can be difficult to understand not just because of the content but also because of the structure and language used by their authors. To investigate this further, examine the decision in the case Lochner
v. New York (1905) which the Muller
decision seemed to reverse. Go to the Legal Information Institute
at Cornell University and scroll down to the alphabetical listing of decisions and select Lochner
v. New York.
Read the syllabus (summary) of the Lochner decision to help you answer the following questions:
1. What is the basic argument in the Lochner decision as to why it is NOT constitutional to restrict bakers hours?
2. What law was overturned by this case?
3. Compare this case to the Muller case: Why was it constitutional to have a law restricting the hours of women in Oregon but not bakers in New York? (Hint: look at the third paragraph of the Lochner case syllabus and compare this to the Muller decision)
4. What does this tell you about the prevailing attitudes towards women and work in the early 1900s?