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Writing an Argument: Refutation

To be convincing, your argument must acknowledge and refute arguments in opposition to your issue. Keep these tips in mind:

From the list you made of the arguments opposing your view, describe the most popular or convincing ones, tell why people take those positions, and then show why their reasons are illogical, unimportant, irrelevant, false, or at least not as convincing as your own. You could do this early in your essay, as you give your own reasons, or toward the end, but the refutation needs to be in there somewhere.

Be careful to deal with logic and reason. Don't resort to saying that opposing views are "immoral," "ridiculous," or "stupid." Be respectful of your opponents' views and point out rationally where your views differ.

See also
Basic Strategies
Issue and Audience
Claim, Reasons, and Evidence
Methods of Reasoning
Flaws in Logic