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Critical Thinking, Thoughtful Writing:
A Rhetoric with Readings
, Third Edition
John Chaffee, LaGuardia College, City University of New York
Christine McMahon, Montgomery College
Barbara Stout, Montgomery College
Activity: Tom Randall's Halloween Party
Evaluating Summation Arguments

After the various witnesses present their testimony through examination and cross-examination questioning, the prosecution and defense then present their final arguments and summation. The purpose of this phase of the trial is to summarize the evidence that has been presented in order to persuade the jury that the defendant is guilty or innocent. Included next are excerpts from these final arguments.

Prosecution Summation

Defense Summation