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Psychology Applied to Teaching, Eleventh Edition
Jack Snowman, Southern Illinois University
Robert Biehler
Chapter Themes
Chapter 13: Classroom Management

There are several different leadership styles that teachers can use to manage a classroom.
Teachers can take a permissive laissez-faire approach, a strict and rigid authoritarian approach, or a democratic authoritative approach where students are involved in the decision-making of the classroom. Many researchers support the use of an authoritative approach to classroom management.

Most teachers and researchers agree that preventing problems in the classroom is key.
Teachers can take steps to prevent problems in the classroom by continually monitoring the entire classroom, being able to deal with simultaneous (and overlapping) activities, and keeping the entire class involved in classroom activities. Teachers can also minimize classroom disruptions by providing clear guidelines and consequences for appropriate classroom behaviors.

If behavioral problems do occur, there are a variety of techniques that teachers can use.
Teachers can effectively address behavioral problems by using influence techniques, like planned ignoring and proximity, I-messages, problem ownership and active listening, or the no-lose method. A teacher should gather facts about the situation, tell the involved student(s) how he/she feels about the situation, and work with the student(s) to come to a mutual agreement regarding a solution to the problem.

There are a variety of factors that can be associated with school violence.
Violence in American schools is a growing problem for teachers. Violence is the result of a variety of factors, including biological factors, gender-related cultural influences, academic skills and performance, interpersonal problem-solving skills, psychosocial factors, and school environment factors. Teachers need to be aware of these multiple factors as well as others to help prevent these factors from turning into problems. Finding ways to help students fit in and achieve academically can help to prevent school violence.

Technology can be used to encourage students to stay in school.
Various forms of technology can be useful in helping teachers manage their classrooms as well as keep students interested in staying in school. However, since technology is not a cure-all, teachers need to consider and monitor the ways in which technology can be used to address classroom management issues.




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