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Psychology Applied to Teaching, Eleventh Edition
Jack Snowman, Southern Illinois University
Robert Biehler
Chapter Themes
Chapter 2: Stage Theories Of Development

Human development is change.
Human development is change in behavior over time. It is a life long process that begins prior to birth. Development consists of four primary areas: physical development, cognitive development, social development, and emotional development.

Stage theories are one approach to understanding development.
Some developmental theorists propose that development occurs in a series of discrete stages. According to this view, development involves a universal sequence of qualitatively different stages, in which later stages build upon previous stages.

Human development is affected by sociocultural factors.
Human development is a dynamic process that is highly impacted by an individual's interaction with social and cultural forces. Examples of such forces include family, peers, and school.

Knowledge about development is useful for teachers.
Since teachers interact on a daily basis with students at various stages of development, it is very important for teachers to learn about the processes and growth that their students are experiencing. Knowledge about development helps teachers determine appropriate content and instruction for their students.

Technology can play a valuable role in addressing the different developmental levels of students.
Emergent technologies such as microworlds are making an impact on how students learn and grow. Technology's impact on developmental issues in classrooms is a fertile area of research and new experiences in practice.