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Essential Study Skills, Fifth Edition
Linda Wong
Chapter 9: Taking Textbook Notes

Notetaking Strategies and Options

See the Chapter 10 web sites for more notetaking options.
Effective Notetaking
Learn why notetaking is difficult, the purposes of notetaking, and strategies for taking effective notes.

General-Purpose Learning Strategies: Notetaking
Gain background information on notetaking.  Learn about the purposes of notetaking strategies, the advantages of effective notes, and specific notetaking strategies.

Effective Note-Taking
This comprehensive website discusses notetaking and the task cycle, effective reading for better notes, identifying your purpose and priorities, notetaking shortcuts, notetaking strategies, and examples of textbook notes.

Methods for Organizing Your Notes
Learn how to organize your notes based on lists, cause-effect, and comparison-contrast.

Notetaking Systems
Learn more about five notetaking systems: The Cornell Method, the Outline Method, the Mapping Method, the Charting Method, and the Sentence Method.

Reading and Notetaking Skills
Review important reading and comprehension strategies, dealing with difficult material, and marking textbooks. Section for discusses taking notes from textbooks.

Active Notetaking
This website begins by discussing the use of the Cornell format in lectures. Scroll to the section that follows for taking notes from textbooks. A sample of Cornell notes is included.

Making Notes
This comprehensive website includes three units of information. Unit 1: Making notes, styles of notes, storing and ordering notes. Unit 2: Taking Notes from Textbooks, When You Need to Take Notes, How to Take Notes, the Content to Include, and Taking Notes From Math and Science Textbooks. Unit 3: Taking Notes from Speech.

Cornell Notetaking System Diagramed and Explained
Review the Cornell format and the 5 R's of Cornell. See examples of notes and an explanation of words and phrases to use in the cue column of your notes.

Notetaking Using the Cornell Method
"The Cornell system for taking notes is designed to save time but yet be highly efficient. Learn to "do it right" the first time. Three steps will help you develop effective Cornell notes.

The Cornell System
Review how to set up your paper for Cornell notes and the 5 R's of Cornell. Sample notes and other notetaking tips are included.

The Basic Cornell Notetaking System
This website reviews the format and the steps in the Cornell system.

Effective Notetaking: Two-Column Notes
Read about the modified Cornell notes that appear as two-column notes. Examples included.

How to Take Notes
Two forms of notetaking are discussed on this site: 2-column notes and notecards. Examples of two-column notes and using index cards for notetaking are included.

Formal Outlines

Sample Formal Outline
Click on the links to learn more about formal outlines, see an example of a formal outline for an essay, and link to other notetaking options.

Using Outlines
Using outlines for various stages of the writing process can be applied also to taking textbook notes. Prewriting outlines are informal and can then be converted to formal outlines.

The Process of Outlining
Read this website to understand the process of organizing information into levels in a formal outline. These skills designed for writing a paper can be used to organize information from your textbooks into formal outlines.

Basic Outlining
Review the basics of outlining, the outline form, and then view an example of a formal outline for a speech, essay, or paper.

Developing an Outline
Read the definition of a formal outline, learn about its purpose, and click on links for additional outlining topics.

General Writing
This site will show you how to plan, start to write, revise, edit, proofread, and use outlining for various genres of writing.

Getting Started: Outlining
Learn how to organize ideas and strengthen your writing by using outlines.e will show you how to plan, start to write, revise, edit, proofread, and use outlining for various genres of writing.

Sample Outline
Examine the parts of a formal outline. Click on other links to learn more about writing outlines.

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

Abraham Maslow
Learn about Maslow's life and theory in this comprehensive web site (9 pages) that explores Maslow's Hierarchy in greater depth.

Abraham Harold Maslow
Read an explanation of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Model and clear definitions of each level and people's behaviors for each level.

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
Read how Maslow's theory differed from Freud's and Skinner's theories and how Maslow's theory promoted a positive attitude toward a human cycle based on growth
and love.

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
In addition to learning about Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, on this web site you will learn how people seek information on these levels for coping, helping, enlightening, empowering, and edifying.

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
"Abraham Maslow developed a theory of personality that has influenced a number of different fields, including education.  This (Maslow's) theory accurately describes many realities of personal experiences."  Read about each of the levels and how people behave on each level.  Ten points that educators should address to promote personal growth are included.

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
Explore the applications of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs to work environments and motivation of employees.

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
Read an explanation of Maslow's Hierarchy of needs and how one level of need does not need to be fully satisfied before moving to the next level.

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
Maslow attempted to synthesize a large body of research related to human motivation...  Maslow posited a hierarchy of human needs based on two groupings: deficiency needs and growth needs." Learn about the "expanded" levels of needs.

Maslow's Holistic Dynamic Needs Hierarchy
This site offers clear descriptions of each of Maslow's levels of needs.

Wholeness: Model of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
Sixteen characteristics of an employer's profile of an "ideal candidate" reflects Maslow's model for wholeness.  As you read the sixteen characteristics, try to identify which levels of needs are fulfilled.

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