Kaplan, Adolescence, 1e -
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Adolescence, First Edition
Paul Kaplan, Suffolk Community College, Brentwood
Learning Objectives

So, you've read the chapter. What should you know? These Learning Objectives will guide you.

CHAPTER 1: The World of Adolescence
  1. Explain the various frames of reference for defining the beginning and end points of adolescence
  2. Discuss the modern views of adolescence held by adolescents, by adults, and by the law
  3. List and describe the five themes of adolescence the author uses to organize the material in this text
CHAPTER 2: The Scientific Approach to Adolescence
  1. Describe the theoretical approaches to adolescence
  2. Explain how each approach differs from the others
  3. Understand the ecological approach and how it differs from the other approaches
  4. Understand the various types of research and when it is best to use each method
  5. Describe the ways in which data are collected
  6. List and describe the ethical standards and dilemmas that researchers must keep in mind when designing studies and conducting research
CHAPTER 3: Physical Development
  1. Describe the process of pubertal change for both males and females
  2. Understand the biological bases for behavior and development
  3. Explain how physical development and experience influence adolescent development
  4. Discuss the concerns about and strengths of todayís teenagersí health
CHAPTER 4: Cognitive Development
  1. Explain the developmental approaches of Piaget and Vygotsky to adolescent development
  2. Explain the information processing approach to adolescent development
  3. List and describe the ways in which the theories of Piaget and Vygotsky differ from the information processing theory
  4. Explore the various approaches to intelligence
  5. List and describe the ways adolescents use their cognitive abilities
  6. Describe the changes that occur in social cognition during adolescence
CHAPTER 5: Families
  1. Explain the changes that occur in, and the factors that influence, the parent-adolescent relationship
  2. Explain how parenting style affects the parent-adolescent relationship
  3. Understand the importance of both communication and conflict in the parent-adolescent relationship
  4. Explain the importance of an adolescentís relationship with their siblings and their grandparents
  5. Understand the changes that are influencing the American family and the effects these changes have on the developing adolescent
CHAPTER 6: Peers
  1. Describe the function of peer groups
  2. Explain the importance of friendships for teens
  3. Distinguish between "cliques" and "crowds"
  4. Explain the effects of popularity on adolescent development
  5. Discuss the functions of dating for adolescents
  6. Distinguish between behavioral autonomy and conformity
CHAPTER 7: The School Experience
  1. Describe the transition to middle school
  2. Describe the transition to high school
  3. List and describe ways in which the school experience can be enhanced
  4. Discuss the transition to college
  5. Discuss the reasons teens drop out of school
CHAPTER 8: The Media
  1. Discuss the ways in which the media influences adolescent development
  2. Explain the various ways the computer revolution has impacted adolescents
  3. List and describe the ways in which video games impact adolescent development
  4. Discuss the role that music plays in adolescent development
  5. Describe the different ways television can influence adolescents
  6. Describe the types of magazines aimed at the adolescent audience
CHAPTER 9: Self-Concept and Identity Formation
  1. Understand the development of basic concepts related to the self
  2. Explain the process of identity formation
  3. Understand Eriksonís theory of identity development
  4. Understand the process of gender-role development
  5. Discuss the development of ethnic and racial identity
CHAPTER 10: Love and Sex
  1. Explain the relationship between an adolescentís physical development and adolescent sexuality
  2. Discuss the functions of dating, love and sex in adolescent development
  3. Discuss the environmental factors that influence sexual attitudes and behaviors during adolescence
  4. Discuss the roles of home and school in providing sex education for adolescents
  5. Explain the various sexually transmitted diseases and describe how they can be prevented
  6. Discuss the reasons and ramifications for teenage pregnancy for both a teenage mother and a teenage father
  7. Explain the prevalence and effects of date rape and sexual harassment
CHAPTER 11: Moral Development, Values, and Religion
  1. Understand the various approaches to moral development
  2. Discuss the relationship between morality and emotion
  3. Explain the stages of religious development
  4. Understand the characteristics of prosocial and altruistic behavior
  5. Explain the concept of moral education
CHAPTER 12: Work and Career Development
  1. Explain the ways in which adolescents participate in the work force
  2. List and describe the various approaches to vocational choice
  3. Understand the ways in which gender influences career choice
  4. Discuss the trends in career choice for minority groups
  5. Discuss the transition between school and work for the "forgotten 42 percent" who do not pursue further education after high school
CHAPTER 13: Stress and Psychological, Physical and Learning Problems
  1. Explain the concept of stress and how stress can impact adolescents
  2. List and discuss the various ways teens can internalize problems
  3. Understand the prevalence and causes of depression in adolescence
  4. List and discuss eating disorders and their treatments
  5. Discuss how having a chronic illness can impact the developmental tasks of adolescents
  6. Describe the different learning disabilities and ADHD and how they can impact the social and emotional functioning of an adolescent
CHAPTER 14: Drug Use and Violence
  1. Describe the extent of drug use in the United States
  2. List and discuss the rates of smoking and alcohol use among teens
  3. Explain the "gateway drug" theory
  4. List and describe the drugs most commonly used by adolescents
  5. List and describe the predictors of drug use and abuse
  6. List and describe the types and causes of violence
  7. Explain the link between drug use and violence