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Chapter Review
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Thinking Critically
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Textbook Site for:
Social Psychology , Sixth Edition
Sharon S. Brehm - Indiana University
Saul Kassin - Williams College
Steven Fein - Williams College
Chapter Outlines - The Social Self

I. The Self-Concept
A. Beginnings of the Self-Concept
1. Self-concept formation among primates
2. Looking glass self
B. Introspection
1. Introspection and accuracy of self-knowledge
2. The durability bias in affective forecasting
3. Introspection and cognitive resources
C. Perceptions of Our Own Behavior
1. Self-perception theory
2. Facial feedback hypothesis
D. Influences of Other People
1. Social comparison theory
2. Two-factor theory of emotion
E. Autobiographical Memories
1. Flashbulb memories
2. Egocentric bias
3. Hindsight bias
F. Cultural Perspectives
1. Individualism and collectivism
2. Conceptions of self
II. Self-Esteem
A. The Need for Self-Esteem
1. Social basis of the need for self-esteem
2. Terror management theory: Self-guides
B. Influences of Gender, Race, and Culture
C. Self-Discrepancy Theory
D. The Self-Awareness Trap
1. Self-awareness theory
2. Self-awareness and alcohol consumption
3. The effects of alcohol on self-focus
4. Private self-consciousness
5. Public self-consciousness
E. Limits of Self-Regulation
1. Self-regulation fatigue
2. The paradoxical, or ironic, effects of self-control
F. Mechanisms of Self-Enhancement
1. Implicit egotism
2. Self-serving cognitions
3. Self-handicapping
4. Basking in the glory of others
5. Downward social comparisons
G. Are Positive Illusions Adaptive?
III. Self-Presentation
A. The Two Faces of Self-Presentation
1. Strategic self-presentation
2. Self-verification
B. Individual Differences in Self-Monitoring
IV. Epilogue: The Multi-faceted Self