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Textbook Site for:
Social Psychology , Sixth Edition
Sharon S. Brehm - Indiana University
Saul Kassin - Williams College
Steven Fein - Williams College
Learning Objectives - Attraction and Close Relationships

You should be able to do each of the following by the conclusion of Chapter 9.
  1. Explain the need to belong. Describe social anxiety and the need for affiliation. Address the relationship between affiliation and stress. (pp. 307-310)

  2. Summarize the social difficulties of shyness and loneliness. Discuss factors that impact loneliness (e.g., age, transitions) and coping strategies that are employed. (pp. 310-311)

  3. Explain the role of rewards in interpersonal attraction. Describe the role of familiarity in attraction, making reference to the proximity and mere exposure effects. (pp. 311-313)

  4. Distinguish between objective and subjective factors that influence perceptions of beauty. Discuss reasons for people’s bias toward beauty. Describe the what-is-beautiful-is-good stereotype and why it endures. Explain the benefits and costs of beauty. (pp. 313-319)

  5. Explain the influence of similarity and dissimilarity on attractiveness. Describe the matching and complementarity hypotheses. Discuss the role of reciprocity in relationships and the hard-to-get effect. (pp. 319-324)

  6. Explain mate preferences from an evolutionary perspective as well as the criticisms of this account. (pp. 324-328)

  7. Define intimate relationships, and explain how they develop. (pp. 328-329)

  8. Explain social exchange theory. Describe the influence of comparison level, comparison level alternatives, and investment on perceptions of and commitment to relationships. Explain equity theory. (pp. 329-331)

  9. Distinguish between exchange and communal relationships. Explain the different types of attachment styles. (pp. 331-333)

  10. Summarize different approaches to classifying love. Describe Lee’s love styles, Sternberg’s triangular theory of love, and Hatfield’s distinction between passionate and companionate love. (pp. 334-335)

  11. Describe passionate love. Explain the relationship between arousal and attraction. Distinguish between “being in love” versus “love,” and discuss the influence of love on choosing to marry. Describe companionate love. Define self-disclosure, and describe typical patterns of disclosure in relationships. (pp. 335-339)

  12. Discuss differences between the sexes regarding sexuality. Define sexual orientation. Discuss the various theories that have been advanced to explain the roots of homosexuality. Describe the marital trajectory. (pp. 340-345)

  13. Discuss communication patterns that can lead to conflict in relationships. Explain negative affect reciprocity and the demand/withdraw interaction pattern. Summarize the types of attributions made in happy and unhappy couples. Describe patterns of marital satisfaction and their relation to break-ups. Summarize work on how people cope with the end of an intimate relationship. (pp. 345-347)