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Textbook Site for:
Social Psychology , Sixth Edition
Sharon S. Brehm - Indiana University
Saul Kassin - Williams College
Steven Fein - Williams College
Learning Objectives - Stereotypes, Prejudice, and Discrimination

You should be able to do each of the following by the conclusion of Chapter 5.
  1. Define discrimination, prejudice, and stereotypes. Explain the different mechanisms by which stereotypes form. Describe social categorization and the ingroup/outgroup distinction. Discuss advantages and disadvantages of social categorization. Delineate sociocultural and motivational factors that can influence social categorization. (pp. 135-138)

  2. Distinguish between entity and incremental theorists. Discuss the implications of the difference in these theories for stereotyping. (pp. 138-139)

  3. Describe how the mechanisms of illusory correlations, attributional processes, subtyping, contrast effects, and confirmation biases help perpetuate stereotypes. (pp. 140-144)

  4. Describe factors that can impact whether stereotypes are accessed in order to judge others, and whether they are automatic or intentional. Discuss the effectiveness of stereotype suppression. (pp. 144-148)

  5. Explain how prejudice differs from a stereotype. Describe the Robbers Cave study and explain the significance of its results. (pp. 148-151)

  6. Explain realistic conflict theory and relative deprivation. (pp. 151-152)

  7. Explain social identity theory and how it accounts for ingroup favoritism. Identify factors that can influence social identity processes and explicate their influence. Discuss how self-esteem is affected when a person is a member of an ingroup of low status or when there are weak others in one's ingroup. (pp. 152-156)

  8. Discuss how social dominance orientations and system justification promote prejudice against outgroups (pp. 156-157)

  9. Identify when people first learn their gender identity and of the existence of gender stereotypes. Describe ways in which gender stereotypes are strengthened and maintained. (pp. 157-160)

  10. Describe the impact of the media on gender stereotyping and explain social role theory. Explain ambivalent sexism. (pp. 160-165)

  11. Explain modern racism and describe procedures that can be used to uncover it. Discuss the reasons that interracial perceptions and interactions are so much more challenging than perceptions and interactions between the sexes. (pp. 165-170)

  12. Describe how discrimination is perceived by the target. Explain how people’s self-esteem can be influenced by whether they believe a perceiver’s evaluation of them is influenced by their race. Explain the concept of stereotype threat, including the reason it happens and its potential consequences. (pp. 170-176)

  13. Explain the contact hypothesis and the conditions that enable intergroup contact to reduce prejudice. Discuss how popular culture, social norms, and government policies can weaken stereotypes, and change people's prejudicial motives and values. (pp. 177-180)