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Social Psychology , Fifth Edition
Sharon S. Brehm - Indiana University Bloomington
Saul M. Kassin - Williams College
Steven Fein - Williams College
Learning Objectives - The Social Self

You should be able to do each of the following by the conclusion of Chapter 3.
  1. Explain the role of the self in focus of attention. (p. 54)

  2. Identify which animals are capable of recognizing themselves, and the age when self-recognition occurs in humans. Explain the role of self-recognition and the role of others in the development of the self-concept. Distinguish between sources of the self-concept and components of the self-concept. (pp. 54-55)

  3. Explain how introspection influences our explanations of our behaviors. Identify when it leads to faulty analysis of behavior and when it leads to accurate analysis of behavior. (pp. 55-57)

  4. Describe self-perception theory, and explain how it can be used to understand emotion, behavior, and motivation. Define the overjustification effect, compare and contrast intrinsic and extrinsic motivation, and identify factors that can influence the effect of extrinsic factors on intrinsic motivation. (pp. 57-61)

  5. Explain how people's social surroundings influence their spontaneous self-descriptions. Summarize social comparison theory, identifying when people tend to engage in social comparison and with whom they tend to compare themselves. Explain the two-factor theory of emotion. Identify situations in which social context does not influence interpretation of unclear emotional states. (pp. 61-63)

  6. Identify the periods of life that are most likely to be recalled. Describe flashbulb memories. Explain how our self-concept influences our memories. (pp. 63-65)

  7. Describe how our culture of origin can influence our self-concept. (pp. 65-67)

  8. Define self-schemas, and explain how they can influence the way we perceive information. (p. 68)

  9. Describe how self-esteem influences people's thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. Describe self-discrepancy theory and explain how the theory accounts for the general level of and changes in people's self-esteem. (pp. 67-71)

  10. Describe how self-awareness influences feelings about the self. Identify the types of situations and the kinds of people associated with the greatest amount of self-focus.(pp. 71-74)

  11. Describe the influences of gender, race and culture on our understanding of self.(pp. 69-70)

  12. Explain the effects of self-discrepancy theory on emotional states such as shame, guilt and anxiety. (pp. 71-74)

  13. Explain ironic processes of self-control and their consequences. (pp. 74-76)

  14. Identify four ways that people strive for self-enhancement and discuss the implications of self-enhancement for mental health and the perception of reality. (pp. 76-83)

  15. Describe self-presentation. Compare and contrast strategic self-presentation and self-verification. (pp. 83-86)

  16. Describe the differences between people who are high and low in self-monitoring. Explain how both of these strategies can be useful. (pp. 86-88)



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