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Social Psychology , Fifth Edition
Sharon S. Brehm - Indiana University Bloomington
Saul M. Kassin - Williams College
Steven Fein - Williams College
Learning Objectives - Health

You should be able to do each of the following by the conclusion of Chapter 14.
  1. Define health psychology and stress. Identify what causes stress. Describe and provide examples of the ways in which stress, caused by major crises, major life events, and microstressors of everyday life, affects physical health. Explain the differential effects of negative and positive life events. (pp. 503-509)

  2. Describe the three stages of the general adaptation syndrome. Elucidate the conditions that encourage movement through all three stages. (pp. 509-510)

  3. Outline why stress may lead to coronary heart disease, being sure to discuss the role of Type A behavior pattern. (pp. 510-512)

  4. Explain how the experience of stressful events affects the immune system and the likelihood of experiencing short-term and chronic disease. (pp. 512-515)

  5. Discuss the concept of learned helplessness. Identify the types of attributions people make for negative events, and the relationship of attributional style to physical and mental health. (pp. 516)

  6. Define hardiness, and explain why it is an adaptive characteristic. Explain why a perception of control is the most important ingredient of hardiness, and how such perceptions are related to self-efficacy. (pp. 517-518)

  7. Explain the benefits of optimism and positive thinking, and how they can be illustrated using studies of the placebo effect. (pp. 518-520)

  8. Define the two principal types of coping. Describe problem-focused coping, and explain how an excessive need to control a situation can lead to increased stress. Discuss the relationship between procrastination and stress. (pp. 520-522)

  9. Describe emotion-focused coping. Explain how distraction, anxiety-reduction techniques, suppression of unwanted thoughts, opening up to others, and a high level of self-awareness affect stress and coping. (pp. 522-527)

  10. Define proactive coping. Explain the effect that self-complexity and social support have on the manner in which people cope with stress. Differentiate the three models of social support. (pp. 527-530)

  11. Identify the social psychological components of a successful approach to treatment, and explain why they are effective. Outline factors that promote the adoption of risk-decreasing behaviors. (pp. 530-535)

  12. Define the factors that affect the pursuit of happiness also known as subjective well being. Describe when you are most likely to be happy and when you are least likely to be happy. (pp. 535-537)

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