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Textbook Site for:
Social Psychology , Fifth Edition
Sharon S. Brehm - Indiana University Bloomington
Saul M. Kassin - Williams College
Steven Fein - Williams College
Learning Objectives - Perceiving Groups

You should be able to do each of the following by the conclusion of Chapter 5.
  1. Define discrimination, prejudice, and stereotypes. Explain the different mechanisms by which stereotypes form. Describe social categorization and the ingroup/outgroup distinction. Discuss advantages and disadvantages of social categorization. Delineate sociocultural and motivational factors that can influence social categorization. (pp. 131-136)

  2. Describe how stereotypes distort perceptions of individuals. (pp. 136-138)

  3. Describe how the mechanisms of illusory correlations, attributional processes, subtyping, and confirmation biases help perpetuate stereotypes. Identify target attributes that can encourage changes in stereotypic beliefs. (pp. 138-141)

  4. Describe factors that can impact whether stereotypes are accessed in order to judge others, and whether they are automatic or intentional. Explain the conditions under which stereotype suppression may backfire. (pp. 141-147)

  5. Explain how prejudice differs from a stereotype. Describe the Robbers Cave study and explain the significance of its results. (pp. 147-148)

  6. Explain realistic conflict theory and relative deprivation. (pp. 148-149)

  7. Explain social identity theory and how it accounts for ingroup favoritism. Identify factors that can influence social identity processes and explicate their influence. (pp. 149-153)

  8. Identify when people first learn their gender identity and of the existence of gender stereotypes. Comment on the accuracy of gender stereotypes. (pp. 153-155)

  9. Describe ways in which gender stereotypes are strengthened and maintained. Describe the impact of the media on gender stereotyping and explain social role theory. Explain ambivalent sexism. (pp. 155-161)

  10. Explain modern racism and describe procedures that can be used to uncover it. (pp. 161-165)

  11. Explain the contact hypothesis and the conditions that enable intergroup contact to reduce prejudice. (pp. 165-168)

  12. Describe how discrimination is perceived by the target. Explain how people's self-esteem can be influenced by whether they believe a perceiver's evaluation of them is influenced by their race. Explain the concept of stereotype threat, including the reason it happens and its potential consequences. (pp. 168-173)



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