For most of human history, men and
women did not practice the art of writing. Without any written records, historians
have had to search for other evidence that can illuminate the lives of prehistoric
humans. Fortunately, these men and women left behind many clues.
- Review pages 6–8 in McKay, A History of World Societies
(Sixth Edition). In your own words, define the terms "Paleolithic Age"
and "Neolithic Age." Be sure to include dates. What are the distinguishing
features of the two periods?
- Compare and contrast artifacts from each era that you
observed at the Paleolithic
Art Page and The
State Hermitage Museum: Neolithic Art. How do these artifacts exemplify
the basic features of the two ages? Write a paragraph explaining your
answer. If you can do so, you might print out some of the images to
enhance your argument.
- Review pages 5–6 in McKay, A History of World Societies
( Sixth Edition). In your own words, define the term "civilization." How
does civilization differ from other types of human organization in the Paleolithic
and Neolithic periods? When did civilization emerge?
One important theme in this chapter
is the influence that the civilizations of Mesopotamia, Egypt, and the Hittite
Empire had on other areas of West Asia and North Africa.
- Review pages 25–26 in McKay, A History of World Societies
(Sixth Edition). Then go to Poppa's
Ancient World: The Near East, 2000 BC–1200 BC, paying special attention
to the maps. This site examines the wars and diplomacy between ancient Egypt,
the Hittite Empire, and various Mesopotamian kingdoms. According to this
information, did any one civilization dominate the entire region during
this period? How common was warfare among the three civilizations? Did they
ever form alliances with one another? Can you think of ways in which this
warfare and diplomacy might have affected other peoples in the region?
- After reviewing this link and the related information
in Chapter 1, make a list of the various means through which ancient Egypt,
Mesopotamia, and the Hittite Empire affected one another and West Asia. Give
examples for each method you list.