Southwest Asia and the Indian Ocean,
how the Ottomans built and administered their territorial empire.
the rise of the Safavids and the role of Shi’ite Islam in the development of
Iranian identity under the Safavids.
the construction of the Mughal Empire in India
and the relations among Islam and Hinduism.
the internal and external factors that led to the decline of the Ottoman and
Mughal empires and to the fall of the Safavids.
the roles of the Portuguese, Oman, and
the Dutch in the development of trade in the Indian Ocean and Southeast