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The Earth and Its Peoples: A Global History, Second Edition
Richard W. Bulliet, Pamela Kyle Crossley, Daniel R. Headrick, Steven W. Hirsch, Lyman L. Johnson, David Northrup
Audio Pronunciation Guide


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Alphabetical Listing


Listing by Chapter


A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

A

TermPronunciation
A’ishaAH-ee-shah
Abbasidah-BASS-id
'Abd al-QadirAHB-dahl-KAH-deer
Abd al-RahmanAHB-d al-ruh-MAHN
Abdul Mejidab-dul MAY-jeed
Abu Bakrab-boo BAK-uhr
Abu Bakra-BOO BAK-uhr
Achaeanuh-KEY-uhn
Achaeansuh-KEY-uhns
Achaemenida-KEY-muh-nid
AchehAH-cheh
Achillesuh-KIL-eez
AdenAY-den
AdowaAH-doe-ah
Aeneas Sylvius Piccolominiuh-NEE-uhs SIL-vee-uhs pee-kuh-lo-MEE-nee
Afrikaneraf-rih-KAHN-uhr
Agamemnonag-uh-MEM-non
Agustín de Iturbideah-goos-TEEN deh ee-tur-BEE-deh
Ahasuerusuh-HAZZ-yoo-ear-uhs
Ahhijawauh-key-YAW-wuh
ahimsauh-HIM-sah
AhmadabadAH-muhd-ah-bahd
AhmoseAH-mose
Ahuramazdaah-HOOR-uh-MAZZ-duh
Ain Jalutine jah-LOOT
AkkadAH-kahd
Akkadianuh-KAY-dee-uhn
AksumAhk-soom
AlalakhUH-luh-luhk
Alamutah-lah-moot
Ala-ud-din Khaljiuh-LAH-ud-DEEN KAL-jee
Alexius Comnenusuh-LEX-see-uhs kom-NAY-nuhs
Algarveahl-GAHRV
AllahAH-luh
AlmohadAL-moe-had
Almoravidal-moe-RAH-vid
al-Sadatal-seh-DAT
Amarnauh-MAHR-nuh
ambergrisAM-ber-grees
Ambonam-BOHN
Amenhotepah-muhn-HOE-tep
AmonAH-muhn
AmoriteAM-uh-rite
AmurAH-moor
An Lushanahn loo-shahn
Anasaziah-nah-SAH-zee
ancien régimeahn-see-EN ray-ZHEEM
anderunan-deh-ROON
AngkorANG-kor
Angra MainyuANG-ruh MINE-yoo
AnkaraANG-kuh-ruh
Annamahn-nahm
anthropomorphican-thruh-puh-MORE-fik
Antigonear-TIG-uh-nee
Antigonidan-TIG-uh-nid
Antoinetteann twah-NET
Anyangahn-yahng
apartheiduh-PAHRT-ate
Apiruuh-PEE-roo
Aquinasuh-KWY-nuhs
ArafatAR-uh-fat
Aramaicar-uh-MAY-ik
ArawakAR-uh-wahk
Archilochusahr-KIL-uh-kuhs
ArianismAIR-ree-uh-niz-uhm
Aristophanesar-uh-STOFF-uh-neze
AristotleAR-ih-stah-tahl
ArjunaAHR-joo-nuh
Asanteuh-SAWN-tay
Ashikagaah-shee-KAH-gah
Ashurbanipalah-shur-BAH-nuh-pahl
askeriAS-keh-ree
Astarteuh-STAHR-tee
AswanAS-wahn
AtenAHT-n
Augusto Pinochetah-GOOS-toh pin-oh-CHET
Aurangzebow-rang-ZEB
Australopithecineaw-strah-loh-PITH-uh-seen
Australopithecus africanusaw-strah-loh-PITH-uh-kuhs ah-frih-KAH-nuhs
Averroësuh-VERR-oh-eez
Avicennaav-uh-SEN-uh
Avignonah-vee-NYON
AwdaghostOW-duh-gost
Ayatollah Ruhollah KhomeiniA-yat-ol-LAH ROOH-ol-LAH ko-MAY-nee
aylluaye-YOU
Ayuba Suleiman Dialloah-YOO-bah SOO-lay-mahn JAH-loh
AzoresA-zorz

[Top]

B

TermPronunciation
BaburBAH-bur
BactriaBAK-tree-uh
Bahmanibah MAHN-ee
Balboabal-BOH-uh
Balkhbahlk
Baluchistanbuh-loo-chi-STAN
Bastillebass-TEEL
BatuBAH-too
BayazidBAY-yan-zeed
Bayeuxbay-YUH
Beijingbay-JING
Benguelaben-GWAY-luh
Benito Juárezbeh-NEE-toh WAH-rez
Berytusbuh-RIE-tuhs
Biharbee-HAHR
bilad al-sudanbih-LAD uhs-soo-DAN
Blaise Diagneblez dee-AHN-yuh
blitzkriegBLITS-creeg
Bo Zhuyibaw joo-ee
bodhisattvaboe-dih-SUT-vuh
Bolognaboe-LOAN-yuh
Bordeauxbor-DOH
BosporusBAHS-puhr-uhs
bourgeoisieboor-zwah-ZEE
boyarBOY-ar
Bramo SamajBRAH-moh suh-MAHJ
BresciaBREH-shee-uh
Brugesbroozh
Bruneibroo-NIE
BruneiBROO-nie
Buenos AiresBWAY-nihs AIR-eze
Bukharaboo-CAR-ruh
BuyidBOO-yid
ByblosBIB-loss
ByrsaBURR-suh

[Top]

C

TermPronunciation
Cabralkah-BRAHL
CalicutKAL-ih-cut
CallesKAH-yace
Cambyseskam-BIE-sees
caravelKAR-uh-vel
carneliankahr-NEEL-yuhn
Carolingiankah-roe-LIN-gee-uhn
Carolus Linnaeuskar-ROLL-uhs lin-NEE-uhs
castasCAZ-tahs
Çatal Hüyükcha-TAHL hoo-YOOK
Çatal Hüyükcha-TAHL hoo-YOOK
CaucasusKAW-kuh-suhs
caudillokouh-DEE-yoh
Celtskelts
CernunnosKURN-you-nuhs
Cetshwayoset-SHWAH-yo
Ceutasay-OO-tuh
Chaim Weizmannhi-um VITES-mun
Champagnesham-PAIN
Chang’anchahng-ahn
CharlemagneSHAHR-leh-mane
Chavíncha-VEEN
Chavín de Huántarcha-BEAN day WAHN-tar
Che Guevarachay guh-VAHR-uh
Chiang Kai-shekchang kie-shek
Chimúchee-MOO
chinampaschee-NAM-pahs
choleraKAHL-uhr-uh
ChoshuCHOE-shoo
cinchonasin-CHO-nah
Cixitsuh-shee
ClunyKLOO-nee
CnossusNOSS-suhs
Coeurcur
Colbertkohl-BEAR
conquistadorkon-KEY-stuh-dor
Constantinoplecahn-stan-tih-NO-pul
Cortéskor-TEZ
coureurs de boiskoo-RUHR day BWA
Crimeacry-MEE-ah
Crimeancry-ME-uhn
cuneiformkyoo-NEE-uh-form
Cyclopessigh-KLOE-pees
Cyrillicsih-RIL-ik

[Top]

D

TermPronunciation
DaedalusDED-ih-luhs
Dai Vietdie vee-yet
dalai lamaDAH-lie LAH-mah
Dante AlighieriDAHN-tay ah-lee-GYEH-ree
DaoistDOW-ist
Dariusduh-RIE-uhs
Das KapitalDUSS cop-ee-TALL
Date Masamunidah-tay mah-sah-moo-nee
Deccande-KAN
Dehuaduh-HUA
Deir el-BahriDIRE uhl-BAH-ree
DelhiDEL-ee
Deng Xiaopingdung shee-yao-ping
dengaDENG-ah
Denis Diderotduh-nee DEE-duh-roe
descamisadosdes-cah-mee-SAH-dohs
DeshimaDUH-shee-ma
Deuteronomicdoo-tuhr-uh-NAHM-ik
devshirmedev-sheer-MEH
dhotiDOE-tee
dhowdow
Dhuodado-OH-dah
Diagnedee-AHN-yuh
DiázDEE-as
Diemdee-YEM
Dienbienphudee-yen-bee-yen-FOO
Dionysiadie-uh-NIZ-ee-uh
Disraelidiz-RAY-lee
DjoserJO-sur
Dnieperd-NYEP-er
Dos Pilasdohs PEE-las
Dravidiandruh-VID-ee-uhn
duchyDUTCH-ee
Dupleixdoo-PLAY
DyulaJOO-lah

[Top]

E

TermPronunciation
EblaEH-bluh
Edessaih-DESS-suh
EdoED-doe
EkweshECK-wesh
Elamiteee-luh-mite
encomiendain-co-mee-EN-dah
EnkiduEN-kee-doo
Ententeon-TONT
entrepôtON-truh-poh
Eponaeh-POH-nuh
Erasmusuh-RAZ-muhs
Eretriaer-EH-tree-uh
Erythraeaneh-RITH-ree-an
Estado Novoesh-TAH-doe NO-vo
Euphratesyou-FRAY-teez
Eva Duarte PerónAY-vuh doo-AR-tay pair-OWN
Exclusifek-skloo-SEEF

[Top]

F

TermPronunciation
Faisalfie-SAHL
Faiyumfie-YOOM
Farabundo Martífah-rah-BOON-doh mar-TEE
Faruqfuh-ROOK
FatimidFAT-uh-mid
favelafeh-VEL-luh
Faxianfah-shee-en
Faxianfah-shee-en
FaysalFIE-suhl
Ferghanafer-GAH-nuh
Fibonaccifee-bo-NACH-chee
Firuz Shahfuh-ROOZ shah
Franceso Petrarchfran-CHES-koh PAY-trahrk
Francisco Solano Lópezfran-CEES-co so-LAN-oh LOH-pez
FuggersFOOG-uhrz
FührerFEW-er
Fujiwarafoo-jee-WAH-rah
Fulanifoo-LAH-nee
Fustatfuss-TAHT

[Top]

G

TermPronunciation
Galileo Galileigal-uh-LAY-oh gal-uh-LAY-ee
Gallipoligah-LIP-po-lee
Gamal Abd al-Nasirgah-MAHL AHB-d al-NAH-suhr
GandhiGAHN-dee
Gansugahn-soo
GaugamelaGAW-guh-mee-luh
Ge Hongguh hoong
Gebel BarkalJEB-uhl BAHR-kahl
Genghis KhanGENG-iz KAHN
GenoeseJEN-oh-eez
gens de couleurzhahn deh koo-LUHR
Georges Clemenceauzhorzh cluh-mon-SO
Getulio Vargasjay-TOO-lee-oh VAR-gus
Ghadir al-Khummga-DEER al-KUM
GhanaGAH-nuh
Ghazanhaz-zan
Ghentgent [hard g as in get]
Ghiyas al-Din Jamshid al-Kashigee-YASS ad-DIN jam-sheed ak-KAHSH
GiottoJAW-toh
Giovanni Boccacciojo-VAH-nee boh-KAH-chee-oh
Girondistjuh-RON-dist
Giuseppe Mazzinijew-SEP-pay mots-EE-nee
GobiGO-bee
Gomorrahguh-MORE-uh
GorbachevGORE-beh-CHOF
grands blancsgrawn blawnk
Guangzhougwahng-jo
Guianaghee-AH-nuh
Guianasguy-AHN-uhs
Gujaratgoo-juh-RAHT
gulagGOO-log
Guomindanggwo-min-dong
gutta-perchagut-tah-PER-cha
Güyükgi-yik

[Top]

H

TermPronunciation
HabsburgHABZ-berg
hadithhah-DEETH
Hagia SophiaAH-yah SOH-fee-uh
Haile SelassieHI-lee seh-LASS-ee
HakataHAH-kah-tah
HakraHAK-ruh
halalhaa-LAAL
HammurabiHAM-uh-rah-bee
han'gulHAHN-goor
Hangzhouhahng-jo
Hanseatichan-see-AT-ik
harijanHAH-ree-jahn
Harun al-Rashidhah-ROON al-rah-SHEED
Hatshepsuthat-SHEP-soot
Hattushahaht-tush-SHAH
hauberkHAW-berk
HausaHOW-suh
HejazHEE-jaz
Heliopolishe-lee-OP-uh-lis
HellenesHELL-leans
helotHELL-ut
Henanheh-nahn
Hererohair-AIR-oh
Herodotusheh-ROD-uh tuhs
Heshenhuh-shun
HeyerdahlHIGH-uhr-dahl
hidalgosee-DAHL-goes
hieroglyphicshigh-ruh-GLIF-iks
hijraHIJ-ruh
HildebrandHILL-de-brand
Himalayahim-uh-LAY-uh
Himalayashim-uh-LAY-uhs
Hipólito Irigoyenee-POH-lee-toe ee-ree-GO-yen
HittiteHIT-ite
Ho Chi Minhhoe chee min
HoloceneHAWL-oh-seen
hominidHOM-uh-nid
Homo erectusHOH-moh ee-REK-tuhs
Homo habilisHOH-moh HAB-uh-luhs
Homo sapiensHOH-moh SAY-pee-enz
Hong Xiuquanhoong shee-OH-chew-an
Honshuhahn-shoo
Huang Dao Pohwahng DOW poh
Huang Hehwang huh
Huitzilopochtliwheat-zeel-oh-POSHT-lee
HülegüHE-luh-gee
Husaynhoo-SANE
Hwanghnyong-sahwahng-NEEYAHNG-sah
HyksosHICK-soes

[Top]

I

TermPronunciation
Ibadanee-BAH-dahn
Ibn al-ArabiIB-uhn ahl-AH-rah-bee
Ibn al-HaythamIB-uhn al-HY-tham
Ibn BattutaIB-uhn ba-TOO-tuh
Ibn Khaldunee-bin hal-DOON
Ibn RushdIB-uhn RUSHED
ibn Salimee-bin sah-leem
Ibn SinaIB-unh SEE-nah
Ibn TufaylIB-uhn too-FILE
Ibn TumartIB-uhn TOO-mahrt
Ibrahim PashaEEB-RAH-heem PAH-shah
Ieyasuee-yeh-YAH-soo
IgboEE-boh
Il Duceeel DOO-chay
Il-khanIL-con
Iltutmishil-TOOT-mish
IolcusYOL-kuhs
Isabel Martínez de PerónEES-ah-bell mar-TEEN-ehz deh pair-OWN
Isandhlwanaee-sawn-dull-WAH-nah
Isfahanis-fah-HAHN
Ismailis-mah-EEL
Ivanee-VAHN
IzmirIZ-meer

[Top]

J

TermPronunciation
JacobinJAK-uh-bin
Jagadaijahg-ah-die
Jainjine
JainismJINE-iz-uhm
Jan van Eyckyahn vahn-IKE
JanissariesJAN-nih-say-rees
JanissaryJAN-nih-say-ree
Jean-Jacques Rousseauzhahn-zhock roo-SOE
JerichoJER-ih-koe
Jiang Qingjyahn ching
Jiangxijang-she
Jiménezhe-MEH-nes
JingdezhenJING-deh-JUHN
Jinnahjee-NAH
João Goulartjuwow go-LARHT
Johann Gutenbergyoh-HAHN GOO-ten-burg
José Antonio Páezhoe-SAY an-TOE-nee-oh PAH-eez
José de San Martínhoe-SAY deh san mar-TEEN
José María Moreloshoe-SAY mah-REE-ah moh-RAY-los
José Uriburuhoe-SAY oo-ree-BOO-roo
Juan Manuel de Rosashuan man-WELL deh ROH-sas
Juan Perónhoo-AHN pair-OWN
JuntaHUN-tah
Juvainijoo-VINE-nee

[Top]

K

TermPronunciation
Ka’baKAH-buh
KaffaKAH-fah
Kaifengkie-fuhng
KalhuKAL-oo
Kamakurakah-mah-KOO-rah
kamikaziKUM-i-kuh-zee
KamoseKAH-mose
KanagawaKAH-nah-GAH-wah
Kanem-BornuKAH-nuhm-BOR-noo
KangxiKAHNG-shee
Karakorumkah-rah-KOR-um
Karol WojtylaKAH-rol voy-TIL-ah
Kashgarkahsh-gar
KassiteKAS-ite
Kathiawarkah-tee-uh-WAHR
keiretsukay-REHT-soo
Keraitskeh-rates
Khadijakah-DEE-juh
khalifakah-LEE-fuh
khan-balikhkahn-BAL-ik
Khartoumkhar-TOOM
khedivekuh-DEEV
KhefrenKEF-ren
khipusKEY-pooz
KhoisanKOI-sahn
KhrushchevKROOSH-chef
KhubilaiKOO-bih-lie
KhufuKOO-foo
Khurasankor-uh-SAHN
Khwarazmshahhwa-RAZZ-um-shah
KievKEE-yev
Kikuyukih-KOO-you
KipchakKIP-chahk
Kitankee-tan
KoryoKAW-ree-oh
KosovoKO-so-vo
KrishnaKRISH-nuh
Kshatriyakshuh-TREE-yuh
kulaksCOO-lox
Kwame NkrumahKWAH-mee nn-KROO-muh
Kyotokee-YO-toe
KyrgyzstanKIR-gih-stan
KyushuKYOO-shoo

[Top]

L

TermPronunciation
La VentaLA BEN-tah
laissez fairelay-say fair
LalibelaLAH-lee-BEL-uh
lamaLAH-mah
Laoslouse
lapis lazuliLAP-is LAZ-uh-lee
Lázaro CárdenasLAH-sah-roe KAHR-dih-nahs
Le Corbusierluh cor-booz-YEH
LebensraumLAY-bens-rowm
Lech Walesaleck wah-LESS-ah
legumeLEG-yoom
Leonardo da Vincilay-own-AHR-doh dah-VIN-chee
Leonid Brezhnevleh-oh-NEED BREZ-nef
Lesotholuh-SOO-too
Levantluh-VANT
Li Shiminlee shir-meen
Li Zichenglee ZUH-cheng
Liaolee-OW
Lin Zexulin zuh-SHOO
lineageLIN-ee-ij
Lithuanialith-oo-WAY-nee-ah
loessless
Louis Philippeloo-EE-fee-LEEP
Ludwig Mies van der RoheLOOD-vig MEES fon der ROW-uh
Lugloog
lugalLOO-guhl
Luo GuanzhongLAW GWAHB-JOONG
LuoyangLWOE-yahng
Lysistratalis-uh-STRAH-tuh

[Top]

M

TermPronunciation
ma’atmuh-AHT
Macaomuh-COW
Madeiramuh-DEER-uh
madrasaMAH-dras-uh
Mahanmah-HAHN
maharajamah-huh-RAH-juh
maharajahmah-huh-RAH-juh
MahayanaMah-HAH-YAH-nah
MahdiMAH-dee
MahmudMACH-mood
maizemayz
Majapahitmah-jah-PAH-hit
Malaccamuh-LAH-kuh
MalayMay-LAY
Malinkemuh-LING-kay
Malliamahl-YAH
MamlukMAM-look
Manausmeh-NOWSE
Manchukuoman-CHEW-coo-oh
manikongomah-NEE-KONG-goh
Mansa Kankan MusaMAHN-suh KAHN-kahn MOO-suh
Mansa SuleimanMAHN-suh SOO-lay-mahn
mansabdarsman-sab-DAHRZ
mansabsMAN-sabz
Manuel NoriegaMAN-wel no-ree-EGG-ah
ManzikertMANZ-ih-kuhrt
Mao Zedongmaow dzuh-dong
MaoriMOW-ree [ow as in cow]
Mapuchesmah-POO-chez
Maragamah-rah-gah
Marathamuh-RAH-tuh
Marco Polomar-koe POE-loe
MariMAH-ree
MarkuzMARK-uhz
Marquesasmar-KAY-suhs
MarrakeshMAH-rah-kesh
MataramMAH-tah-ram
matriarchyMAY-tree-ahr-key
matrilinealmat-ruh-LIN-ee-uhl
Matteo Riccima-TAY-o REE-chee
Mauritiusmaw-REE-shuss
MauryaMORE-yuh
MauryanMORE-yuhn
MayaMY-ah
MazarinMAZ-uh-rin, maz-uh-RAN
Mbutim-BOO-tee
MediciMED-ih-chee
MehmedMEH-met
MeijiMAY-gee
Mein Kampfmine compf
Melanesiamel-uh-NEE-zhuh
Melanesianmel-uh-NEE-zhuhn
MelqartMEL-kahrt
MenelikMEN-uh-lik
MenesMEH-neez
MeroëMER-oh-ee
mestizomess-TEE-zoh
métismay-TEES
MetternichMET-uhr-nik
Mexicameh-SHE-ca
Miaomee-ow
Michel Boymmee-SHELL bwam
Michelangelomy-kuhl-AN-juh-low
Miguel Hidalgo y Costillamee-GEHL ee-DAHL-go ee cos-TEA-ah
Mindanaomin-duh-NOW
Minoanmih-NO-uhn
MinotaurMIN-uh-tor
mitaMEE-tah
mit'aMEET-ah
Mitannimih-TAH-nee
MitsuiMIT-soo-ee
MochaMOH-kuh
MocheMO-che
Moctezumamock-teh-ZOO-ma
Mohenjo-Daromoe-hen-joe-DAHR-oh
Moluccasmuh-LOO-kuhz
Monophysitemuh-NAH-fi-site
Mozambiquemoe-zam-BEEK
Mu’awiyamoo-AH-we-yuh
MughalMOO-guhl
MughalMOO-guhl
Muhammad Alimoo-HAM-mad AH-lee
MuscovyMUSS-koe-vee
Mutsuhitomoo-tsoo-HE-toe
Myanmarmyahn-MAH
Mycenaemy-SEE-nee
Mycenaeanmy-suh-NEE-uhn
myrrhmurr
Mysoremy-SORE

[Top]

N

TermPronunciation
NabopolassarNAB-oh-poe-lass-uhr
Nagasakinah-gah-SAH-kee
Nairobinie-ROE-bee
NajafNAH-jaf
Nalandanuh-LAN-duh
Nan Zhaonan-jow
Nanjingnahn-JING
Nantesnahnt
Napatana-PAY-tuh
Naqsh-i RustamNUHK-shee ROOS-tuhm
NaraNAH-rah
Naranjona-ROHN-hoe
Nasir al-Din Tusinah-zer ad-DEEN toos
nawabNAH-wab
Ndebeleen-duh-BELL-ay
NebuchadnezzarNAB-oo-kuhd-nez-uhr
Nefertitinef-uhr-TEE-tee
NehruNAY-roo
Neolithicnee-oh-LITH-ik
Nevskiinih-EFF-skee
Nguning-GOO-nee
Nicaeaneye-SEE-uh
Nicolae Ceausescuneh-koh-LIE chow-SHES-koo
NinevehNIN-uh-vuh
Nizam al-Mulknee-ZAHM al-MULK
noblesse de robeno-BLES deh ROHB
noblesse d'épéeno-BLES day-PAY
NovgorodNOHV-goh-rod
Nur al-Din ibn ZangiNOOR-al-DEEN ib-uhn ZAN-gee
Nyamwezinn-nyahm-WAY-zee

[Top]

O

TermPronunciation
Obregónoh-bray-GAWN
Oduduwaoh-DOO-doo-wah
Ogéoh-ZHAY
ÖgödeiERG-uh-day
Okinawaoh-kee-NAH-wah
Olaudah Equianooh-LAU-duh ay-kwee-AHN-oh
Olduvaiol-DOO-vy
oligarchyOLL-ih-gahr-key
oligarquíaoh-lee gar-KEE-ah
OlmecOHL-meck
Omar Khayyamoh-mar KIE-yam
OsakaOH-sah-kah
Osirisoh-SIGH-ris
Osmanlios-MAHN-lee
Otto von BismarkUTT-oh fun BIS-mark
OudhOW-ad

[Top]

P

TermPronunciation
Palembangpah-lem-BONG
palenquespah-LENK-kays
Paleolithicpay-lee-oh-LITH-ik
Palmyrapal-MY-ruh
Pamirpah-MEER
pampasPOM-pus
Panathenaeapan-ath-uh-NEE-uh
papacyPAY-puh-see
papyruspuh-PIE-ruhs
patriarchatePAY-tree-ar-kayt
patrilinealpat-ruh-LIN-ee-uhl
Patrona Halilpa-TROH-nuh ha-LEEL
PeloponnesePELL-eh-puh-neze
perestroikaper-ih-STROY-kuh
PericlesPER-eh-kleez
petits blancspay-TEE blawnk
PhaistosFIE-stuhs
Phoenicianfi-NEE-shuhn
PhoinikesFOY-nee-kes
Piraeuspih-RAY-uhs
Pisistratuspie-SIS-truh-tuhs
PleistocenePLY-stuh-seen
Po Zhuyiboh joo-yee
polisPOE-lis
Pondicherrypon-dir-CHEH-ree
pontifex maximusPAHN-tih-fex MAX-ih-muhs
Port Saidport sah-EED
Potosípoh-toh-SEE
Ptahpuh-TAH
Ptolemaictawl-uh-MAY-ik
PtolemiesTAWL-uh-meze
Puntpoont
PygmyPIG-mee
PylosPIE-lohs
PythiaPITH-ee-uh

[Top]

Q

TermPronunciation
qadiKAW-dee
Qayrawankire-ah-WAHN
Qazvinkaz-VEEN
Qianlongchee-YEN-loong
Qinchin
QinghaiCHING-hie
qizilbashKIH-zil-bahsh
QuaqueKWAH-kay
Quebeckwuh-BEC
Quetzalcoatlkate-zahl-CO-ah-tal
quilomboskey-LOM-bos
quinoakee-NOH-uh
Qurankuh-RAHN
Qurayshkoo-RYYSH

[Top]

R

TermPronunciation
Rabban Saumarahb-bahn SAU-ma
RajputsRAHJ-putz
Ramessesram-ih-SEEZ
Rashid al-Dinra-SHEED ad-DEEN
rayaRAH-yah
Raziyarah-ZEE-uh
Reray
ReichstagRIKES-tog
Reza PahlaviREH-zah PAH-lah-vee
Riazanree-AH-zahn
Richelieuree-shuh-LYOO
Rio de JaneiroREE-oh day zhuh-NAIR-oh
Rio Grande do SulREE-oh GRAN-dee do SOOL
RobespierreROBES-pee-air
Romanesqueroe-man-ESK
RomanovROE-man-off or roe-MAN-off
roninROH-neen

[Top]

S

TermPronunciation
Saddam Husainsah-DAHM who-SANE
SafaviSAH-fah-vee
SagresSAH-gresh
SahelSAH-hel
Saint Dominguesan do-MANGH
Saint-Germainsan-chur-MEN
sakeSAH-kay
SalamisSAH-lah-miss
Salvador Allendesal-vah-DOR ah-YEHN-day
Samanidsah-MAN-id
SamarkandSAM-mar-kahnd
samizdatsah-meez-DAHT
samuraiSAH-moo-rie
Sandinistassahn-din-EES-tahs
São Paulosow PAL-oh
São Tomésow toh-MAY
Saqqarasuh-KAHR-uh
SaracenSAR-uh-suhn
Saraisah-RYE
Sareptasuh-REP-tuh
SargonSAHR-gone
Sasanidsuh-SAH-nid
satisuh-TEE
satrapSAY-trap
SatsumaSAT-soo-mah
satyagrahasuh-TYAH-gruh-huh
sawahilsuh-WAH-hil
schismSKIZ-uhm
scholasticismskoh-LAS-tih-sizm
ScythianSITH-ee-uhn
Seinesen
Sékou TouréSAY-koo too-RAY
Seleucidsih-LOO-sid
Selimseh-LEEM
SeljukSEL-jook
Semiticsuh-MIT-ik
sepoySEE-poy
seppukuSEP-poo-koo
ShaanxiSHAWN-she
Shahan-shahSHAH-han-SHAH
Shangshahng
Shangdushahng-DOO
Shanghaishahng-hie
Shari’asha-REE-ah
shawabtishuh-WAB-tee
shawabtisshuh-WAB-tees
Shephelahsheh-FEH-luh
Shi’iteSHE-ite
ShudraSHOOD-ra
SichuanSUH-chwahn
Sienasee-EN-uh
Sierra Leonesee-ER-uh lee-OWN
Sijilmasasih-jil-MAS-suh
Sikhseek
SillaSILL-ah or SHILL-ah
Simón Bolívarsee-MOAN bow-LEE-varh
Sindsinned
Sinhalesesin-huh-LEEZ
Sogdianasog-dee-A-nuh
SokotoSOH-kuh-toh
Solzhenitzensol-zhuh-NEET-sin
Songsoong
Songhaisong-GAH-ee
Soninkesoh-NIN-kay
Sri Lankasree LAHNG-kuh
Srivijavasree-vih-JUH-yuh
SufismSOO-fiz-uhm
Suisway
SuleimanSOO-lay-man
Sumangurusoo-muhn-GOO-roo
Summa TheologicaSOOM-uh thee-uh-LOH-jih-kuh
Sun Yat-sensoon yot-SEN
Sundiatasoon-JAH-tuh
SunniSUN-nee
Swahiliswah-HEE-lee

[Top]

T

TermPronunciation
Tabriztaw-BREEZE
TahertTAH-hert
Tahmasptah-MAHSP
TaikaTIE-kah
Taipingtie-PING
Takla MakanTAH-kluh muh-KAHN
TakrurTAHK-roor
tamgaTAHM-gah
Tangtahng
TanggutTAHNG-gut
TanitTAH-nit
TanzimatTAHNZ-ee-MAT
Tecumsehteh-CUM-sah
Tehuacánteh-wah-KAHN
TemüjinTEM-uh-jin
Tenochtitlanteh-noch-TIT-lan
Teotihuacanteh-o-tee-WAH-kahn
Teutonictwo-TOHN-ik
Téwodrostay-WOH-druhs
ThailandTIE-land
Thartahr
Thayendanegeata YEHN dah NEY geh ah
Theravadathere-eh-VAH-duh
Thermopylaethuhr-MOP-uh-lee
TheseusTHEE-see-uhs
Thesmophoriathes-moe-FOE-ree-uh
Thucydidesthoo-SID-ih-dees
TiamatTIE-ah-mat
Tiantee-en
Tiananmentee-yehn-ahn-men
TiglathpileserTIG-lath-pih-LEE-zuhr
TigrisTIE-gris
Timbuktutim-buk-TOO
Timurtem-EER
TirynsTEER-inz
Tiwanakutee-wah-NA-coo
ToghorilTOE-hoe-rill
Tokugawatoe-koo-GAH-wah
ToltecTOLL-tek
tophetTOE-fet
Topilitzintow-PEELT-zeen
Tordesillastor-duh-SEE-yuhs
Toussaint L'Ouverturetoo-SAN loo-ver-CHORE
Transvaaltrans-VAHL
Tres ZapotesTRACE zah-POE-tace
Tripitakatri-PIH-tah-kah
triremeTRY-reem
tsarzahr
Tsirinanatsee-REE-nah-nah
TuaregTWAH-reg
Tughlugtoog-LOOK
TughrilTUUG-ruhl
TulaTOO-la
Tunisiatoo-NEE-zhee-uh
TuscanyTUS-kuh-nee
Tutankhamuntoot-ahng-KAH-muhn
Tuthmosistuth-MOE-sis
Tyretire

[Top]

U

TermPronunciation
UgaritOO-guh-reet
UigurWEE-ger
Ukraineyou-CRANE
ulamaoo-leh-MAH
Ulugh Begoo-look bek
Umayyadoo-MY-ad
ummaUM-muh
Upanishadsoo-PAHN-ih-shahds
Urartuur-RAHR-too
UrduER-doo
UrukOO-rook
Usamah bin Ladinoo-SAH-mah bin LAH-din
Usuman dan FodioOO-soo-mahn dahn FOH-dee-oh
Uthmanooth-MAHN
utopianyou-TOE-pee-uhn
Uzbekistanuzz-BEK-ih-stan

[Top]

V

TermPronunciation
Vaclav Havelvah-SLAV hah-VEL
VaishyaVIESH-yuh
Vallon Pont-d’Arcvah-LON pon-DAHRK
Varangiansva-RAN-gee-anz
VedasVAY-duhs
Versaillesvuhr-SIGH
Vijayanagarvee-juh-yah-NAH-gar
Violeta Chamorrovee-oh-LET-ah cha-MOR-roe
VladimirVLAD-ih-mir
Vladimir ZworykinVLAD-ih-meer ZWOR-ih-kin
VolgaVOHL-gah

W

TermPronunciation
Wac-Chanil-Ahauwac-cha-NEEL-ah-HOW
Wangwahng
WariWAH-ree
WehrmachtVAIR-mokt
Weiway
Wu Zhaowoo jow

[Top]

X

TermPronunciation
XanaduZAH-nah-doo
Xenophaneszeh-NOFF-eh-nees
XenophonZEN-uh-fuhn
XerxesZERK-sees
XhosaKOH-sah
Xinjiangshin-jee-yahng
XiongnuSHE-OONG-noo
Xuanzangshoo-wen-zahng

[Top]

Y

TermPronunciation
Yang Guifeiyahng gway-fay
Yangziyang-zuh
Yangziyahng-zeh
Yelu Chucaiyay-loo CHOO-tsye
Yermak TimofeyovichYAIR-mak tih-mo-FAY-oh-vich or tih-mo-fay-OH-vich
YiYEE
Yohannesyoh-HAHN-nehs
Yongleyoong-LAW
Yorubayoh-roo-bah
YpresEE-pruh
Yuanyu-wenn
Yuan Shikaiyou-AHN she-KIE
YunnanYOON-nahn

[Top]

Z

TermPronunciation
ZagrosZAG-ruhs
zaibatsuzye-BOT-soo
zaibatsuzie-BOT-soo
Zairezah-EER
Zambezizam-BEE-zee
ZamorinZAH-much-ruhn
Zapatazeh-PAH-teh
ZebuZEE-boo
ZeilaZEYE-luh
Zeng Guofanzung gwoh-FAN
Zhang Jianjahng jee-en
Zheng Hejung huh
Zhoujoe
Zhu YuanzhangJOO yuwen JAHNG
zigguratZIG-uh-rat
Zimbabwezim-BAH-bway
ZollvereinTSOLL-feh-rine
Zoroastrianismzo-ro-ASS-tree-uh-niz-uhm


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