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Textbook Site for:
A People and a Nation: A History of the United States, Sixth Edition
Mary Beth Norton, Cornell University
David M. Katzman, University of Kansas
et al.
Presidents, Vice Presidents, and Cabinet Members



Washington Administration, 1789-1797

PresidentGeorge Washington1789-1797
Vice PresidentJohn Adams1789-1797
Secretary of StateThomas Jefferson1789-1793
Edmund Randolph1794-1795
Timothy Pickering1795-1797
Secretary of the TreasuryAlexander Hamilton1789-1795
Oliver Wolcott, Jr.1795-1797
Secretary of WarHenry Knox1789-1795
Timothy Pickering1795-1796
James McHenry1796-1797
Attorney GeneralEdmund Randolph1789-1793
William Bradford1794-1795
Charles Lee1795-1797
Postmaster GeneralSamuel Osgood1789-1791
Timothy Pickering1791-1795
Joseph Habersham1795-1797

John Adams Administration, 1797-1801

PresidentJohn Adams1797-1801
Vice PresidentThomas Jefferson1797-1801
Secretary of StateTimothy Pickering1797-1800
John Marshall1800-1801
Secretary of the TreasuryOliver Wolcott, Jr.1797-1800
Secretary of WarJames McHenry1797-1800
Samuel Dexter1800-1801
Attorney GeneralCharles Lee1797-1801
Postmaster GeneralJoseph Habersham1797-1801
Secretary of NavyBenjamin Stoddert1798-1801

Jefferson Administration, 1801-1809

PresidentThomas Jefferson1801-1809
Vice PresidentAaron Burr1801-1805
George Clinton1805-1809
Secretary of StateJames Madison1801-1809
Secretary of the TreasurySamuel Dexter1801
Albert Gallatin1801-1809
Secretary of WarHenry Dearborn1801-1809
Attorney GeneralLevi Lincoln1801-1804
Robert Smith1805
John Breckinridge1805-1806
Caesar Rodney1807-1809
Postmaster GeneralJoseph Habersham1801
Gideon Granger1801-1809
Secretary of NavyBenjamin Stoddert1801
Robert Smith1801-1809

Madison Administration, 1809-1817

PresidentJames Madison1809-1817
Vice PresidentGeorge Clinton1809-1813
Elbridge Gerry1813-1814
Secretary of StateRobert Smith1809-1811
James Monroe1811-1817
Secretary of the TreasuryAlbert Gellatin1809-1814
George Campbell1814
Alexander Dallas1814-1816
William Crawford1816-1817
Secretary of WarWilliam Eustis1809-1812
John Armstrong1813
James Monroe1814-1815
William Crawford1815-1816
George Graham1816-1817
Attorney GeneralCaesar Rodney1809-1811
William Pinkney1811-1814
Richard Rush1814-1817
Postmaster GeneralGideon Granger1809-1814
Return Meigs1814-1817
Secretary of NavyPaul Hamilton1809-1813
William Jones1813-1814
Benjamin Crowninshield1815-1817

Monroe Administration, 1817-1825

PresidentJames Monroe1817-1825
Vice PresidentDaniel Tompkins1817-1825
Secretary of StateJohn Quincy Adams1817-1825
Secretary of the TreasuryWilliam Crawford1817-1825
Secretary of WarGeorge Graham1817
John C. Calhoun1817-1825
Attorney GeneralRichard Rush1817
William Wirt1817-1825
Postmaster GeneralReturn Meigs1817-1823
John McLean1823-1825
Secretary of NavyBenjamin Crowninshield1817-1818
John C. Calhoun1818-1819
Smith Thompson1819-1823
Samuel L. Southard1823-1825

John Quincy Adams Administration, 1825-1829

PresidentJohn Quincy Adams1825-1829
Vice PresidentJohn C. Calhoun1825-1829
Secretary of StateHenry Clay
Secretary of the TreasuryRichard Rush1825-1829
Secretary of WarJames Barbour1825-1828
Peter Porter1828-1829
Attorney GeneralWilliam Wirt1825-1829
Postmaster GeneralJohn McLean1825-1829
Secretary of NavySamuel Southard1825-1829

Jackson Administration, 1829-1837

PresidentAndrew Jackson1829-1837
Vice PresidentJohn C. Calhoun1829-1833
Martin Van Buren1833-1837
Secretary of StateMartin Van Buren1829-1831
Edward Livingston1831-1833
Louis McLane1833-1834
John Forsyth1834-1837
Secretary of the TreasurySamuel Ingham1829-1831
Louis McLane1831-1833
William Duane1833
Roger B. Taney1833-1834
Levi Woodbury1834-1837
Secretary of WarJohn H. Eaton1829-1831
Lewis Cass1831-1836
Benjamin F. Butler1836-1837
Attorney GeneralJohn M. Berrien1829-1831
Roger B. Taney1831-1833
Benjamin Butler1833-1837
Postmaster GeneralWilliam Barry1829-1835
Amos Kendall1835-1837
Secretary of NavyJohn Branch1829-1831
Levi Woodbury1831-1834
Mahlon Dickerson1834-1837

Van Buren Administration, 1837-1841

PresidentMartin Van Buren1837-1841
Vice PresidentRichard M. Johnson1837-1841
Secretary of StateJohn Forsyth1837-1841
Secretary of the TreasuryLevi Woodbury1837-1841
Secretary of WarJoel Poinsett1837-1841
Attorney GeneralBenjamin Butler1837-1838
Felix Grundy1838-1840
Henry D. Gilpin1840-1841
Postmaster GeneralAmos Kendall1837-1840
John M. Niles1840-1841
Secretary of NavyMahlon Dickerson1837-1838
James Paulding1838-1841

William Harrison Administration, 1841

PresidentWilliam H. Harrison1841-1841
Vice PresidentJohn Tyler1841
Secretary of StateDaniel Webster1841
Secretary of the TreasuryThomas Ewing1841
Secretary of WarJohn Bell1841
Attorney GeneralJohn J. Crittenden1841
Postmaster GeneralFrancis Granger1841
Secretary of NavyGeorge E. Badger1841

Tyler Administration, 1841-1845

PresidentJohn Tyler1841-1845
Vice PresidentNone
Secretary of StateDaniel Webster1841-1843
Abel P. Upshur1843-1844
John C. Calhoun1844-1845
Secretary of the TreasuryThomas Ewing1841
Walter Forward1841-1843
John C. Spencer1843-1844
George Bibb1844-1845
Secretary of WarJohn Bell1841
John C. Spencer1841-1843
James M. Porter1843-1844
William Wilkins1844-1845
Attorney GeneralJohn J. Crittendon1841
Hugh S. Legaré1841-1843
John Nelson1843-1845
Postmaster GeneralFrancis Granger1841
Charles Wickliffe1841-1845
Secretary of NavyGeorge E. Badger1841
Abel P. Upshur1841-1843
David Henshaw1843-1844
Thomas Gilmer1844
John Y. Mason1844-1845

Polk Administration, 1845-1849

PresidentJames K. Polk1845-1849
Vice PresidentGeorge M. Dallas1845-1849
Secretary of StateJames Buchanan1845-1849
Secretary of the TreasuryRobert J. Walker1845-1849
Secretary of WarWilliam L. Marcy1845-1849
Attorney GeneralJohn Y. Mason1845-1846
Nathan Clifford1846-1848
Isaac Toucey1848-1849
Postmaster GeneralCave Johnson1845-1849
Secretary of NavyGeorge Bancroft1845-1846
John Y. Mason1846-1849

Taylor Administration, 1849-1850

PresidentZachary Taylor1849-1850
Vice PresidentMillard Fillmore1849-1850
Secretary of StateJohn M. Clayton1849-1850
Secretary of the TreasuryWilliam Meredith1849-1850
Secretary of WarGeorge Crawford1849-1850
Attorney GeneralReverdy Johnson1849-1850
Postmaster GeneralJacob Collamer1849-1850
Secretary of NavyWilliam Preston1849-1850
Secretary of InteriorThomas Ewing1849-1850

Fillmore Administration, 1850-1853

PresidentMillard Fillmore1850-1853
Vice PresidentNone
Secretary of StateDaniel Webster1850-1852
Edward Everett1852-1853
Secretary of the TreasuryThomas Corwin1850-1853
Secretary of WarCharles Conrad1850-1853
Attorney GeneralJohn J. Crittenden1850-1853
Postmaster GeneralNathan K. Hall1850-1852
Samuel D. Hubbard1852-1853
Secretary of NavyWilliam A. Graham1850-1852
John P. Kennedy1852-1853
Secretary of InteriorThomas McKennan1850
Alexander Stuart1850-1853

Pierce Administration, 1853-1857

PresidentFranklin Pierce1853-1857
Vice PresidentWilliam R. King1853-1857
Secretary of StateWilliam L. Marcy1853-1857
Secretary of the TreasuryJames Guthrie1853-1857
Secretary of WarJefferson Davis1853-1857
Attorney GeneralCaleb Cushing1853-1857
Postmaster GeneralJames Campbell1853-1857
Secretary of NavyJames C. Dobbin1853-1857
Secretary of InteriorRobert McClelland1853-1857

Buchanan Administration, 1857-1861

PresidentJames Buchanan1857-1861
Vice PresidentJohn C. Breckinridge1857-1861
Secretary of StateLewis Cass1857-1860
Jeremiah S. Black1860-1861
Secretary of the TreasuryHowell Cobb1857-1860
Philip Thomas1860-1861
John A. Dix1861
Secretary of WarJohn B. Floyd1857-1861
Joseph Holt1861
Attorney GeneralJeremiah S. Black1857-1860
Edwin M. Stanton1860-1861
Postmaster GeneralAaron V. Brown1857-1859
Joseph Holt1859-1861
Horatio King1861
Secretary of NavyIsaac Toucey1857-1861
Secretary of InteriorJacob Thompson1857-1861

Lincoln Administration, 1861-1865

PresidentAbraham Lincoln1861-1865
Vice PresidentHannibal Hamlin1861-1865
Andrew Johnson1865
Secretary of StateWilliam H. Seward1861-1865
Secretary of the TreasurySamuel P. Chase1861-1864
William P. Fessenden1864-1865
Hugh McCulloch1865
Secretary of WarSimon Cameron1861-1862
Edwin M. Stanton1862-1865
Attorney GeneralEdward Bates1861-1864
James Speed1864-1865
Postmaster GeneralHoratio King1861
Montgomery Blair1861-1864
William Dennison1864-1865
Secretary of NavyGideon Welles1861-1865
Secretary of InteriorCaleb B. Smith1861-1863
John P. Usher1863-1865

Andrew Johnson Administration, 1865-1869

PresidentAndrew Johnson1865-1869
Vice PresidentNone
Secretary of StateWilliam H. Seward1865-1869
Secretary of the TreasuryHugh McCulloch1865-1869
Secretary of WarEdwin M. Stanton1865-1867
Ulysses S. Grant1867-1868
Lorenzo Thomas1868
John M. Schofield1868-1869
Attorney GeneralJames Speed1865-1866
Henry Stanbery1866-1868
William M. Evarts1868-1869
Postmaster GeneralWilliam Dennison1865-1866
Alexander Randall1866-1869
Secretary of NavyGideon Welles1865-1869
Secretary of InteriorJohn P. Usher1865
James Harlan1865-1866
Orville H. Browning1866-1869

Grant Administration, 1869-1877

PresidentUlysses S. Grant1869-1877
Vice PresidentSchuyler Colfax1869-1873
Henry Wilson1873-1877
Secretary of StateElihu B. Washburne1869
Hamilton Fish1869-1877
Secretary of the TreasuryGeorge S. Boutwell1869-1873
William Richardson1873-1874
Benjamin Bristow1874-1876
Lot M. Morrill1876-1877
Secretary of WarJohn A. Rawlins1869
William T. Sherman1869
William W. Belknap1869-1876
Alphonso Taft1876
James D. Cameron1876-1877
Attorney GeneralEbenezer R. Hoar1869-1870
Amos T. Ackerman1870-1871
G. H. Williams1871-1875
Edwards Pierrepont1875-1876
Alphonso Taft1876-1877
Postmaster GeneralJohn A. J. Creswell1869-1874
James W. Marshall1874
Marshall Jewell1874-1876
James N. Tyner1876-1877
Secretary of NavyAdolph E. Borie1869
George M. Robeson1869-1877
Secretary of InteriorJacob D. Cox1869-1870
Columbus Delano1870-1875
Zachariah Chandler1875-1877

Hayes Administration, 1877-1881

PresidentRutherford B. Hayes1877-1881
Vice PresidentWilliam A. Wheeler1877-1881
Secretary of StateWilliam B. Evarts1877-1881
Secretary of the TreasuryJohn Sherman1877-1881
Secretary of WarGeorge W. McCrary1877-1879
Alex Ramsey1879-1881
Attorney GeneralCharles Devens1877-1881
Postmaster GeneralDavid M. Key1877-1880
Horace Maynard1880-1881
Secretary of NavyRichard W. Thompson1877-1880
Nathan Goff, Jr.1881
Secretary of InteriorCarl Schurz1877-1881

Garfield Administration, 1881

PresidentJames A. Garfield1881-1881
Vice PresidentChester A. Arthur1881
Secretary of StateJames G. Blaine1881
Secretary of the TreasuryWilliam Windom1881
Secretary of WarRobert T. Lincoln1881
Attorney GeneralWayne MacVeagh1881
Postmaster GeneralThomas L. James1881
Secretary of NavyWilliam H. Hunt1881
Secretary of InteriorSamuel J. Kirkwood1881

Arthur Administration, 1881-1885

PresidentChester A. Arthur1881-1885
Vice PresidentNone
Secretary of StateF. T. Frelinghuysen1881-1885
Secretary of the TreasuryCharles J. Folger1881-1884
Walter Q. Gresham1884
Hugh McCulloch1884-1885
Secretary of WarRobert T. Lincoln1881-1885
Attorney GeneralBenjamin H. Brewster1881-1885
Postmaster GeneralTimothy O. Howe1881-1883
Walter Q. Gresham1883-1884
Frank Hatton1884-1885
Secretary of NavyWilliam H. Hunt1881-1882
William E. Chandler1882-1885
Secretary of InteriorSamuel J. Kirkwood1881-1882
Henry M. Teller1882-1885

Cleveland Administration, 1885-1889

PresidentGrover Cleveland1885-1889
Vice PresidentThomas A. Hendricks1885-1889
Secretary of StateThomas F. Bayard1885-1889
Secretary of the TreasuryDaniel Manning1885-1887
Charles S. Fairchild
Secretary of WarWilliam C. Endicott1885-1889
Attorney GeneralAugustus H. Garland1885-1889
Postmaster GeneralWilliam F. Vilas1885-1888
Don M. Dickinson1888-1889
Secretary of NavyWilliam C. Whitney1885-1889
Secretary of InteriorLucius Q. C. Lamar1885-1888
William F. Vilas1888-1889
Secretary of AgricultureNorman J. Colman1889

Benjamin Harrison Administration, 1889-1893

PresidentBenjamin Harrison1889-1893
Vice PresidentLevi P. Morton1889-1893
Secretary of StateJames G. Blaine1889-1892
John W. Foster1892-1893
Secretary of the TreasuryWilliam Windom1889-1891
Charles Foster1891-1893
Secretary of WarRedfield Proctor1889-1891
Stephen B. Elkins1891-1893
Attorney GeneralWilliam H. H. Miller1889-1891
Postmaster GeneralJohn Wanamaker1889-1893
Secretary of NavyBenjamin F. Tracy1889-1893
Secretary of InteriorJohn W. Noble1889-1893
Secretary of AgricultureJeremiah. M. Rusk1889-1893

Cleveland Administration, 1893-1897

PresidentGrover Cleveland1893-1897
Vice PresidentAdlai E. Stevenson1893-1897
Secretary of StateWalter Q. Gresham1893-1895
Richard Olney1895-1897
Secretary of the TreasuryJohn G. Carlisle1893-1897
Secretary of WarDaniel S. Lamont1893-1897
Judson Harmon1895-1897
Postmaster GeneralWilson S. Bissell1893-1895
William L. Wilson1895-1897
Secretary of NavyHilary A. Herbert1893-1897
Secretary of InteriorHoke Smith1893-1896
David R. Francis1896-1897
Secretary of AgricultureJulius S. Morton1893-1897

McKinley Administration, 1897-1901

PresidentWilliam McKinley1897-1901
Vice PresidentGarret A. Hobart1897-1901
Theodore Roosevelt1901
Secretary of StateJohn Sherman1897-1898
William R. Day1898
John Hay1898-1901
Secretary of the TreasuryLyman J. Gage1897-1901
Secretary of WarRussell A. Alger1897-1899
Elihu Root1899-1901
Attorney GeneralJoseph McKenna1897-1898
John W. Griggs1898-1901
Philander C. Knox1901
Postmaster GeneralJames A. Gary1897-1898
Charles E. Smith1898-1901
Secretary of NavyJohn D. Long1897-1901
Secretary of InteriorCornelius N. Bliss1897-1899
Ethan A. Hitchcock1899-1901
Secretary of AgricultureJames Wilson1897-1901

Theodore Roosevelt Administration, 1901-1909

PresidentTheodore Roosevelt1901-1909
Vice PresidentCharles Fairbanks1905-1909
Secretary of StateJohn Hay1901-1905
Elihu Root1905-1909
Robert Bacon1909
Secretary of the TreasuryLyman J. Gage1901-1902
Leslie M. Shaw1902-1907
George B. Cortelyou1907-1909
Secretary of WarElihu Root1901-1904
Willim H. Taft1904-1908
Luke E. Wright1908-1909
Attorney GeneralPhilander C. Knox1901-1904
William H. Moody1904-1906
Charles J. Bonaparte1906-1909
Postmaster GeneralCharles E. Smith1901-1902
Henry C. Payne1902-1904
Robert J. Wynne1904-1905
George B. Cortelyou1905-1907
George von L. Meyer1907-1909
Secretary of NavyJohn D. Long1901-1902
William H. Moody1902-1904
Paul Morton1904-1905
Charles J. Bonaparte1905-1906
Victor H. Metcalf1906-1908
Truman H. Newberry1908-1909
Secretary of InteriorEthan A. Hitchcock1901-1907
James R. Garfield1907-1909
Secretary of AgricultureJames Wilson1901-1909
Secretary of George B. Cortelyou1903-1904
Labor and CommerceVictor H. Metcalf1904-1906
Oscar S. Straus1906-1909

Taft Administration, 1909-1913

PresidentWilliam H. Taft1909-1913
Vice PresidentJames S. Sherman1909-1913
Secretary of StatePhilander C. Knox1909-1913
Secretary of the TreasuryFranklin MacVeagh1909-1913
Secretary of WarJacob M. Dickinson1909-1911
Henry L. Stimson1911-1913
Attorney GeneralGeorge W. Wickersham1909-1913
Postmaster GeneralFrank H. Hitchcock1909-1913
Secretary of NavyGeorge von L. Meyer1909-1913
Secretary of InteriorRichard A. Ballinger1909-1911
Walter L. Fisher1911-1913
Secretary of AgricultureJames Wilson1909-1913
Secretary of LaborCharles Nagel1909-1913
__and Commerce

Wilson Administration, 1913-1921

PresidentWoodrow Wilson1913-1921
Vice PresidentThomas R. Marshall1913-1921
Secretary of StateWilliam J. Bryan1913-1915
Robert Lansing1915-1920
Bainbridge Colby1920-1921
Secretary of the TreasuryWilliam G. McAdoo1913-1918
Carter Glass1918-1920
David F. Houston1920-1921
Secretary of WarLindley M. Garrison1913-1916
Newton D. Baker1916-1921
Attorney GeneralJames C. McReynolds1913-1914
Thomas W. Gregory1914-1919
A. Mitchell Palmer1919-1921
Postmaster GeneralAlbert S. Burleson1913-1921
Secretary of NavyJosephus Daniels1913-1921
Secretary of InteriorFranklin K. Lane1913-1920
John B. Payne1920-1921
Secretary of AgricultureDavid F. Houston1913-1920
Edwin T. Meredith1920-1921
Secretary of CommerceWilliam C. Redfield1913-1919
Joshua W. Alexander1919-1921
Secretary of LaborWilliam B. Wilson1913-1921

Harding Administration, 1921-1923

PresidentWarren G. Harding1921-1923
Vice PresidentCalvin Coolidge1921-1923
Secretary of StateCharles E. Hughes1921-1923
Secretary of the TreasuryAndrew Mellon1921-1923
Secretary of WarJohn W. Weeks1921-1923
Attorney GeneralHarry M. Daugherty1921-1923
Postmaster GeneralWill H. Hays1921-1922
Hubert Work1922-1923
Harry S. New1923
Secretary of NavyEdwin Denby1921-1923
Secretary of InteriorAlbert B. Fall1921-1923
Hubert Work1923
Secretary of AgricultureHenry C. Wallace1921-1923
Secretary of CommerceHerbert C. Hoover1921-1923
Secretary of LaborJames J. Davis1921-1923

Coolidge Administration, 1923-1929

PresidentCalvin Coolidge1923-1929
Vice PresidentCharles G. Dawes1925-1929
Secretary of StateCharles E. Hughes1923-1925
Frank B. Kellogg1925-1929
Secretary of the TreasuryAndrew Mellon1923-1929
Secretary of WarJohn W. Weeks1923-1925
Dwight F. Davis1925-1929
Attorney GeneralHenry M. Daugherty1923-1924
Harlan F. Stone1924-1925
John G. Sargent1925-1929
Postmaster GeneralHarry S. New1923-1929
Secretary of NavyEdwin Derby1923-1924
Curtis D. Wilbur1924-1929
Secretary of InteriorHubert Work1923-1928
Roy O. West1928-1929
Secretary of AgricultureHenry C. Wallace1923-1924
Howard M. Gore1924-1925
William M. Jardine1925-1929
Secretary of CommerceHerbert C. Hoover1923-1928
William F. Whiting1928-1929
Secretary of LaborJames J. Davis1923-1929

Hoover Administration, 1929-1933

PresidentHerbert C. Hoover1929-1933
Vice PresidentCharles Curtis1929-1933
Secretary of StateHenry L. Stimson1929-1933
Secretary of the TreasuryAndrew Mellon1929-1932
Ogden L. Mills1932-1933
Secretary of WarJames W. Good1929
Patrick J. Hurley1929-1933
Attorney GeneralWilliam D. Mitchell1929-1933
Postmaster GeneralWalter F. Brown1929-1933
Secretary of NavyCharles F. Adams1929-1933
Secretary of InteriorRay L. Wilbur1929-1933
Secretary of AgricultureArthur M. Hyde1929-1933
Secretary of CommerceRobert P. Lamont1929-1932
Roy D. Chapin1932-1933
Secretary of LaborJames J. Davis1929-1930
William N. Doak1930-1933

Franklin D. Roosevelt Administration, 1933-1945

PresidentFranklin D. Roosevelt1933-1945
Vice PresidentJohn Nance Garner1933-1941
Henry A. Wallace1941-1945
Harry S Truman1945
Secretary of StateCordell Hull1933-1944
Edward R. Stettinius, Jr.1944-1945
Secretary of the TreasuryWilliam H. Woodin1933-1934
Henry Morgenthau, Jr.1934-1945
Secretary of WarGeorge H. Dern1933-1936
Henry A. Woodring1936-1940
Henry L. Stimson1940-1945
Attorney GeneralHomer S. Cummings1933-1939
Frank Murphy1939-1940
Robert H. Jackson1940-1941
Francis Biddle1941-1945
Postmaster GeneralJames A. Farley1933-1940
Frank C. Walker1940-1945
Secretary of NavyClaude A. Swanson1933-1939
Charles Edison1939-1940
Frank Knox1940-1944
James V. Forrestal1944-1945
Secretary of InteriorHarold L. Ickes1933-1945
Secretary of AgricultureHenry A. Wallace1933-1940
Claude R. Wickard1940-1945
Secretary of CommerceDaniel C. Roper1933-1938
Harry L. Hopkins1938-1940
Jesse H. Jones1940-1945
Henry A. Wallace1945
Secretary of LaborFrances Perkins1933-1945

Truman Administration, 1945-1953

PresidentHarry S Truman1945-1953
Vice PresidentAlben W. Barkley1949-1953
Secretary of StateEdward R. Stettinius, Jr.1945
James F. Byrnes1945-1947
George C. Marshall1947-1949
Dean G. Acheson1949-1953
Secretary of the TreasuryHenry Morgenthau, Jr.1945
Fred M. Vinson1945-1946
John W. Snyder1946-1953
Secretary of WarHenry L. Stimson1945
Robert P. Patterson1945-1947
Kenneth C. Royall1947
Attorney GeneralFrancis Biddle1945
Tom C. Clark1945-1949
J. Howard McGrath1949-1952
James P. McGranery1952-1953
Postmaster GeneralFrank C. Walker1945
Robert E. Hannegan1945-1947
Jesse M. Donaldson1947-1953
Secretary of NavyJames V. Forrestal1945-1947
Secretary of InteriorHarold L. Ickes1945-1946
Julius A. Krug1946-1949
Oscar L. Chapman1949-1953
Secretary of AgricultureClaude R. Wickard1945
Clinton P. Anderson1945-1948
Charles F. Brannan1948-1953
Secretary of CommerceHenry A. Wallace1945-1946
W. Averell Harriman1946-1948
Charles W. Sawyer1948-1953
Secretary of LaborFrances Perkins1945
Lewis B. Schwellenbach1945-1948
Maurice J. Tobin1948-1953
Secretary of DefenseJames V. Forrestal1947-1949
Louis A. Johnson1949-1950
George C. Marshall1950-1951
Robert A. Lovett1951-1953

Eisenhower Administration, 1953-1961

PresidentDwight D. Eisenhower1953-1961
Vice PresidentRichard M. Nixon1953-1961
Secretary of StateJohn Foster Dulles1953-1959
Christian A. Herter1959-1961
Secretary of the TreasuryGeorge M. Humphrey1953-1957
Robert B. Anderson1957-1961
Attorney GeneralHerbert Brownell, Jr.1953-1957
William P. Rogers1957-1961
Postmaster GeneralArthur E. Summerfield1953-1961
Secretary of InteriorDouglas McKay1953-1956
Fred A. Seaton1956-1961
Secretary of AgricultureEzra T. Benson1953-1961
Secretary of CommerceSinclair Weeks1953-1958
Lewis L. Strauss1958-1959
Frederick H. Mueller1959-1961
Secretary of LaborMartin P. Durkin1953
James P. Mitchell1953-1961
Secretary of DefenseCharles E. Wilson1953-1957
Neil H. McElroy1957-1959
Thomas S. Gates, Jr.1959-1961
Secretary of Health,Oveta Culp Hobby1953-1955
__Education, and WelfareMarion B. Folsom1955-1958
Arthur S. Flemming1958-1961

Kennedy Administration, 1961-1963

PresidentJohn F. Kennedy1961-1963
Vice PresidentLyndon B. Johnson1961-1963
Secretary of StateDean Rusk1961-1963
Secretary of the TreasuryC. Douglas Dillon1961-1963
Attorney GeneralRobert F. Kennedy1961-1963
Postmaster GeneralJ. Edward Day1961-1963
John A. Gronouski1963
Secretary of InteriorStewart L. Udall1961-1963
Secretary of AgricultureOrville L. Freeman1961-1963
Secretary of CommerceLuther H. Hodges1961-1963
Secretary of LaborArthur J. Goldberg1961-1962
W. Willard Wirtz1962-1963
Secretary of DefenseRobert S. McNamara1961-1963
Secretary of Health,Abraham A. Ribicoff1961-1962
__Education, and WelfareAnthony J. Celebrezze1962-1963

Lyndon B. Johnson Administration, 1963-1969

PresidentLyndon B. Johnson1963-1969
Vice PresidentHubert H. Humphrey1965-1969
Secretary of StateDean Rusk1963-1969
Secretary of the TreasuryC. Douglas Dillon1963-1965
Henry H. Fowler1965-1969
Attorney GeneralRobert F. Kennedy1963-1964
Nicholas Katzenbach1965-1966
Ramsey Clark1967-1969
Postmaster GeneralJohn A. Gronouski1963-1965
Lawrence F. O'Brien1965-1968
Marvin Watson1968-1969
Secretary of InteriorStewart L. Udall1963-1969
Secretary of AgricultureOrville L. Freeman1963-1969
Secretary of CommerceLuther H. Hodges1963-1964
John T. Connor1964-1967
Alexander B. Trowbridge1967-1968
Cyrus R. Smith1968-1969
Secretary of LaborW. Willard Wirtz1963-1969
Secretary of DefenseRobert F. McNamara1963-1968
Clark Clifford1968-1969
Secretary of Health,Anthony J. Celebrezze1963-1965
__Education, and WelfareJohn W. Gardner1965-1968
Wilbur J. Cohen1968-1969
Secretary of HousingRobert C. Weaver1966-1969
__and Urban DevelopmentRobert C. Wood1969
Secretary ofAlan S. Boyd1967-1969
__Transportation

Nixon Administration, 1969-1974

PresidentRichard M. Nixon1969-1974
Vice PresidentSpiro T. Agnew1969-1973
Gerald R. Ford1973-1974
Secretary of StateWilliam P. Rogers1969-1973
Henry A. Kissinger1973-1974
Secretary of the TreasuryDavid M. Kennedy1969-1970
John B. Connally1971-1972
George P. Shultz1972-1974
William E. Simon1974
Attorney GeneralJohn N. Mitchell1969-1972
Richard G. Kleindienst1972-1973
Elliot L. Richardson1973
William B. Saxbe1973-1974
Postmaster GeneralWinton M. Blount1969-1971
Secretary of InteriorWalter J. Hickel1969-1970
Rogers Morton1971-1974
Secretary of AgricultureClifford M. Hardin1969-1971
Earl L. Butz1971-1974
Secretary of CommerceMaurice H. Stans1969-1972
Peter G. Peterson1972-1973
Frederick B. Dent1973-1974
Secretary of LaborGeorge P. Shultz1969-1970
James D. Hodgson1970-1973
Peter J. Brennan1973-1974
Secretary of DefenseMelvin R. Laird1969-1973
Elliot L. Richardson1973
James R. Schlesinger1973-1974
Secretary of Health,Robert H. Finch1969-1970
__Education, and WelfareElliot L. Richardson1970-1973
Casper W. Weinberger1973-1974
Secretary of Housing George Romney1969-1973
.__and Urban DevelopmentJames T. Lynn1973-1974
Secretary ofJohn A. Volpe1969-1973
__TransportationClaude S. Brinegar1973-1974

Ford Administration, 1974-1977

PresidentGerald R. Ford1974-1977
Vice President1974-1977
Secretary of StateHenry A. Kissinger1974-1977
Secretary of the TreasuryWilliam E. Simon1974-1977
Attorney GeneralWilliam Saxbe1974-1975
Edward Levi1975-1977
Secretary of InteriorRogers Morton1974-1975
Stanley K. Hathaway1975
Thomas Kleppe1975-1977
Secretary of AgricultureEarl L. Butz1974-1976
John A. Knebel1976-1977
Secretary of CommerceFrederick B. Dent1974-1975
Edward Levi1975-1977
Rogers Morton1975-1976
Elliot L. Richardson1976-1977
Secretary of LaborPeter J. Brennan1974-1975
John T. Dunlop1975-1976
W. J. Usery1976-1977
Secretary of DefenseJames R. Schlesinger1974-1975
Edward Levi1975-1977
Donald Rumsfeld1975-1977
Secretary of Health,Casper Weinberger1974-1975
__Education, and WelfareForrest D. Mathews1975-1977
Secretary of HousingJames T. Lynn1974-1975
__and Urban DevelopmentCarla A. Hills1975-1977
Secretary ofClaude Brinegar1974-1975
__TransportationEdward Levi1975-1977
William T. Coleman1975-1977

Carter Administration, 1977-1981

PresidentJames E. Carter1977-1981
Vice PresidentWalter F. Mondale1977-1981
Secretary of StateCyrus R. Vance1977-1980
Edmund Muskie1980-1981
Secretary of the TreasuryW. Michael Blumenthal1977-1979
G. William Miller1979-1981
Attorney GeneralGriffin Bell1977-1979
Benjamin R. Civiletti1979-1981
Secretary of InteriorCecil D. Andrus1977-1981
Secretary of AgricultureRobert Bergland1977-1981
Secretary of CommerceJuanita M. Kreps1977-1979
Philip M. Klutznick1979-1981
Secretary of LaborF. Ray Marshall1977-1981
Secretary of DefenseHarold Brown1977-1981
Secretary of Health,Joseph A. Califano1977-1979
__Education, and WelfarePatricia R. Harris1979
Secretary of HealthPatricia R. Harris1979-1981
__and Human Services
Secretary of EducationShirley M. Hufstedler1979-1981
Secretary of HousingPatricia R. Harris1977-1979
__and Urban DevelopmentMoon Landrieu1979-1981
Secretary ofBrock Adams1977-1979
__TransportationNeil E. Goldschmidt1979-1981
Secretary of EnergyJames R. Schlesinger1977-1979
Charles W. Duncan1979-1981

Reagan Administration, 1981-1989

PresidentRonald W. Reagan1981-1989
Vice PresidentGeorge H. W. Bush1981-1989
Secretary of StateAlexander M. Haig1981-1982
George P. Shultz1982-1989
Secretary of the TreasuryDonald Regan1981-1985
James A. Baker III1985-1988
Nicholas F. Brady1988-1989
Attorney GeneralWilliam F. Smith1981-1985
Edwin A. Meese III1985-1988
Richard L. Thornburgh1988-1989
Secretary of InteriorJames G. Watt1981-1983
William P. Clark, Jr.1983-1985
Donald P. Hodel
Secretary of AgricultureJohn Block1981-1986
Richard E. Lyng1986-1989
Secretary of CommerceMalcolm Baldridge1981-1987
C. William Verity, Jr.1987-1989
Secretary of LaborRaymond J. Donovan1981-1985
William E. Brock1985-1987
Ann Dore McLaughlin1987-1989
Secretary of DefenseCasper Weinberger1981-1987
Frank C. Carlucci1987-1989
Secretary of HealthRichard S. Schweiker1981-1983
__and Human ServicesMargaret Heckler1983-1985
Otis R. Bowen1985-1989
Secretary of EducationTerrel H. Bell1981-1984
William J. Bennett1985-1988
Lauro F. Cavazos1988-1989
Secretary of HousingSamuel R. Pierce, Jr.1981-1989
__and Urban Development
Secretary ofDrew Lewis1981-1982
__TransportationElizabeth Hanford Dole1983-1987
James H. Burnley IV1987-1989
Secretary of EnergyJames B. Edwards1981-1982
Donald P. Hodel1982-1985
John S. Herrington1985-1989

Bush Administration, 1989-1993

PresidentGeorge H. W. Bush1989-1993
Vice PresidentJ. Danforth Quayle1989-1993
Secretary of StateJames A. Baker III1989-1992
Lawrence Eagleburger1992-1993
Secretary of the TreasuryNicholas F. Brady1989-1993
Attorney GeneralRichard L. Thornburgh1989-1991
William P. Barr1991-1993
Secretary of InteriorManuel Lujan, Jr.1989-1993
Secretary of AgricultureClayton K. Yeutter1989-1991
Edward Madigan1991-1993
Secretary of CommerceRobert A. Mosbacher1989-1992
Barbara Hackman Franklin 1992-1993
Secretary of LaborElizabeth Hanford Dole1989-1991
Lynn Martin1991-1993
Secretary of DefenseRichard B. Cheney1989-1993
Secretary of HealthLouis W. Sullivan1989-1993
__and Human Services
Secretary ofLauro F. Cavazos1989-1990
__Education and UrbanLamar Alexander1991-1993
__Development
Secretary of HousingJack F. Kemp1989-1993
Secretary ofSamuel K. Skinner1989-1992
__TransportationAndrew H. Card1992-1993
Secretary of EnergyJames D. Watkins1989-1993
Secretary of VeteransEdward J. Derwinski1989-1993
__Affairs

Clinton Administration, 1993-

PresidentWilliam J. Clinton1993-
Vice PresidentAlbert Gore1993-
Secretary of StateWarren M. Christopher1993-1997
Madeleine K. Albright1997-
Secretary of the TreasuryLloyd Bentsen1993-1995
Robert E. Rubin1995-
Attorney GeneralJanet Reno1993-
Secretary of InteriorBruce Babbitt1993-
Secretary of AgricultureMike Espy1993-1995
Daniel R. Glickman1995-
Secretary of CommerceRonald H. Brown1993-1996
Mickey Kantor1996-1997
William Daley1997-
Secretary of LaborRobert B. Reich1993-1997
Alexis M. Herman1997-
Secretary of DefenseLes Aspin1993-1994
William J. Perry1994-1997
William S. Cohen1997-
Secretary of HealthDonna E. Shalala1993-
__and Human Services
Secretary of EducationRichard W. Riley1993-
Secretary of HousingHenry G. Cisneros1993-1996
__and Urban DevelopmentAndrew Cuomo1997-
Secretary ofFederico F. Peña1993-1997
__TransportationRodney E. Slater1997-
Secretary of EnergyHazel O'Leary1993-1997
Federico F. Peña1997-
Secretary of VeteransJesse Brown1993-
__Affairs


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