After mastering this chapter, you should be able to:
- Compare and contrast the New England and middle colonies in terms of motives for founding, religious and social composition, and political development.
- How did the Puritans' strong religious beliefs shape their vision for the organization of society, government, and church in Massacusetts Bay?
- "The dissent from Puritanism was as important in the formation of New England as Puritanism itself." How valid is this statement? Defend your answer.
- Compare the pattern of relations between colonists and Indians in New England with the white-Indian relations in the southern colonies and Pennsylvania. How did the goals of each set of colonies shape its attitudes and actions toward the Indians?
- Despite their strong similarity and essentially common origins, why did the New England colonies find efforts and intercolonial unity so difficult? Did the English government help or hinder such efforts at cooperation?
- Discuss the development of religious and political freedom in Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New York, and Pennsylvania. How did the greater degree of such freedoms enjoyed by Rhode Island and Pennsylvania affect life in those colonies?
- What economic, social, and ethnic conditions typical of the early southern colonies (Chapter 2) were generally absent in the New England and middle colonies? What characteristics did the middle colonies have that were not generally present in the South?