America Secedes from the Empire, 1775–1783
Checklist of Learning
After mastering this chapter, you should be able to:
how American colonists could continue to proclaim their loyalty to the British
crown even while they engaged in major military hostilities with Britain
after April 1775.
why Thomas Paine’s Common Sense finally
inspired Americans to declare their independence in the summer of 1776, and
outline the principal ideas of republicanism that Paine and other American
revolutionary leaders promoted.
both the specific political grievances and the universal ideals and principles
that Jefferson’s Declaration of Independence used to justify America’s separation from Britain.
why the American Revolution should be understood as a civil war between Americans as well as a war with Britain,
and describe the motivations and treatment of the Loyalists.
original strategic plan to crush the Revolution was foiled, especially by the
Battle of Saratoga.
the fundamental military strategy that Washington
and his generals, especially Nathanael Greene, adopted, and why it proved
the key role of the French alliance in winning American independence, including
the final victory at Yorktown.
the terms of the Treaty of Paris, and explain why America was able to achieve a
diplomatic victory that far exceeded its military and economic strength.