New World Beginnings, 33,000 B.C.–A.D. 1769
Checklist of Learning
After mastering this chapter, you should be able to:
the geological and geographical conditions that set the stage for North
the origin and development of the major Indian cultures of the Americas.
the developments in Europe and Africa that led to Columbus’s
voyage to America.
the changes and conflicts that occurred when the diverse worlds and peoples of
Europe, Africa, and the Americas
collided after 1492.
the Spanish conquest of Mexico
and South America, and of the later Spanish colonial expansion into North America.
the major features of Spain’s
New World Empire, including relations with the native Indian populations.