- Elaborate on the reasons for skepticism
about the new government, particularly the view that factionalism would eventually
destroy a republican government that extended over such a large territory.
Show how Washington deliberately acted to assert the durability of the new
REFERENCE: Stanley Elkins and Eric McKitrick, The Age of Federalism: The Early American Republic, 1788 - 1800 (1993).
- Explain why the French Revolution was
such a dangerously divisive world event, even in America. Point out that part
of the disagreement in America was over whether the French were only carrying
out the principles of the American Revolution or whether they were advocating
a more radical doctrine of class conflict.
REFERENCE: Daniel Lang, Foreign
Policy in the Early Republic (1985).
- Show how the Federalist-Republican conflict
over foreign policy embittered domestic politics, since it raised charges
of disloyalty on both sides. The GenÍt affair, Jays
Treaty, the quasi-war with France, and the Alien and Sedition Acts might all
be viewed in this light.
REFERENCE: Leonard Levy, Legacy
of Suppression (1960).
- Consider the Adams-Jefferson contest of
1796 in relation to both foreign- and domestic-policy disagreements. The focus
might be on how, despite the depth of the conflict over issues, the Federalists
and Republicans finally kept their contest within the bounds of peaceful electoral
politics and the shared value of republicanism.
REFERENCE: Lance Banning, ed., After
the Constitution: Party Conflict in the New Republic (1989).