National Defense Education Act
Title I: General Provisions
Sec. 101. The Congress hereby finds and declares that the security of the Nation requires the fullest development of the mental resources and technical skills of its young men and women. The present emergency demands that additional and more adequate education opportunities be made available. The defense of this Nation depends upon the mastery of modern techniques developed from complex scientific principles. It depends as well upon the discovery and development of new principles, new techniques, and new knowledge.
We must increase our efforts to identify and educate more of the talent of our Nation. This requires programs that will give assurance that no student of ability will be denied an opportunity for higher education because of financial need; will correct as rapidly as possible the existing imbalances in our education programs which have led to an insufficient proportion of our population educated in science, mathematics, and modern foreign languages and trained in technology.
The Congress reaffirms the principle
and declares that the states and local communities have and must retain
control over and primary responsibility for public education. The national
interest requires, however, that the Federal Government give assistance to
education for programs which are important to our defense. To meet the
present educational emergency requires additional effort at all levels of
government. It is therefore the purpose of this act to provide substantial assistance
in various forms to individuals, and to States and their subdivisions, in
order to insure trained manpower of sufficient quality and quantity to meet
the national defense needs of the
Sec. 102. Nothing contained in this act
shall be construed to authorize any department, agency, officer, or employee
Title III: Financial Assistance for Strengthening Science, Mathematics, and Modern Foreign Language Instruction
Sec. 301. There are hereby authorized to be appropriated $70,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1959, and for each of the three succeeding fiscal years, for (1) making payments to State educational agencies under this title for the acquisition of equipment (suitable for use in providing education in science, mathematics, or modern foreign language) . . .
Credits: 1958. 72