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Earth Happenings Archive
November 1, 2002 to NOvember 26, 2002

November 26, 2002

Three earthquakes of magnitude 3.5, 3.9, and 3.8 occurred on the 24th and 25th in the San Francisco Bay Area near Livermore. (National Earthquake Information Center).

KVERT raised the Concern Color Code at Bezymianny (Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia) from Green to Yellow on 18 November. A one-pixel thermal anomaly was observed on various satellite imagery on both 16 and 17 November. The closest telemetered seismic stations, located on Kliuchevskoi volcano 13.5 km from Bezymianny's lava dome, only recorded several shallow seismic events at Bezymianny; 13 per month in August and September, and 3 in October. High seismic activity at Kliuchevskoi makes it difficult to distinguish Bezymianny's seismic events. (Smithsonian Institution Global Volcanism Program).

November 22, 2002

On November 21, a 4.3 magnitude earthquake was felt in the Straits of Gibraltar, 15 miles (20 km) SSW of Malaga, Spain. (National Earthquake Information Center).

After 3 months of high seismicity at Piton de la Fournaise (Réunion Island, Indian Ocean) and three small seismic crises, a strong seismic crisis with several hundreds of earthquakes started on 15 November at 2336. The earthquakes were accompanied by large deformation at the summit of up to 300 microradians. An eruption began on the 16th at 0433 with the appearance of eruption tremor on the volcano's E flank around 1,900 m-elevation. Fissures opened on the volcano's E flank between elevations of 1,900 and 1,600 m and lava flowed down the E flank. A small cone formed on one of the most active fissures around 1,600 m elevation. (Smithsonian Institution Global Volcanism Program).

November 18, 2002

On November 16, a 5.6 magnitude earthquake was felt 25 miles (45 km) SE of Severo-Kuril'sk, Kuril Islands, Russia. (National Earthquake Information Center).

News agencies reported that an eruption began at Papandayan (Java, Indonesia) on 11 November. According to a police officer on duty in a nearby town, ash and lava emitted from one of the volcano's craters began flowing into the nearby Cibeureum River at 1600. Evacuations from towns near the volcano involved 1,000-2,000 residents. The Darwin VAAC reported that a small, low-level plume may have been visible on satellite imagery. (Smithsonian Institution Global Volcanism Program).

November 15, 2002

On November 13, a 4.7 magnitude earthquake was felt 110 miles (175 km) N of Chachapoyas, Peru. (National Earthquake Information Center).

Aftershocks as large as magnitude 5.1 continue to shake Alaska. (National Earthquake Information Center).

On 4 November, bubbling, a strong sulfur smell, and micro-telluric tremor were observed in the sea near Panarea Island in the Aeolian Archipelago. The submarine hydrothermal activity killed hundreds of fish. According to Stromboli On-Line, the temperature of the water in the area was not very high (~25°C). They stated that an intensification of degassing and consequent bubbling occurred in the area surrounding the small islet of Lisca Bianca, about 2 km E of Panarea. (Smithsonian Institution Global Volcanism Program).

November 12, 2002

Strong aftershocks continue to disrupt Alaska. (National Earthquake Information Center).

On November 11, a 4.2 magnitude earthquake was felt 30 miles (45 km) SSW of Charleston, South Carolina. (National Earthquake Information Center).

On November 10, a 3.0 magnitude earthquake was felt 25 miles (35 km) ENE of Jackson, Wyoming. (National Earthquake Information Center).

An increase in the number of volcanic earthquakes at Tongkoko (Sulawesi, Indonesia) since 24 October led VSI to raise the Alert Level from 1 to 2. The number of deep volcanic earthquakes decreased in comparison to the previous week. VSI reported that the increased number of shallow volcanic earthquakes indicated that seismicity was migrating to the surface. (Smithsonian Institution Global Volcanism Program).

November 7, 2002

On November 3, a 7.9 magnitude earthquake was felt 45 miles (70 km) ENE of Cantwell, Alaska. Many earthquakes of magnitude 4 and greater have occurred since then. (National Earthquake Information Center).

According to a Pravda news article, the Laboratory of Active Volcanism at the Institute of Volcanology reported that a seismic station located atop Gorely (Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia) registered continuous tremor that was four times stronger than background tremor. In addition, "smoke" and steam rose 300 m above the volcano. (Smithsonian Institution Global Volcanism Program).

An eruption on 20 October from Tavurvur volcano took place at Rabaul caldera (New Britain Island, Papua New Guinea). The head of RVO stated that rocks were thrown 700 m from the summit and no lava was erupted. Ash from the eruption caused Tokua airport flights to be suspended on 22 October. (Smithsonian Institution Global Volcanism Program).

November 1, 2002

On October 31, a 5.9 magnitude earthquake was felt 40 miles (60 km) WNW of Foggia, Italy. (National Earthquake Information Center).

Sicily's Mount Etna has erupted spectacularly, with its first major lava flow in nine years. (BBC news).

Ecuador's El Reventador volcano erupted on November 3rd spewing a tall mushroom cloud and fiery ash and gases, but no victims were reported, authorities said. (Reuters).


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