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Earth Happenings Archive
September,1997
Leading scientists call for global warming treaty (CNN/Reuters 9/30)
"Days before a White House conference to fight global warming, 1,500 scientists from around the world Tuesday urged immediate action to curb man-made climate changes."
Oil slick drifts toward California coast (CNN 9/29)
"At least 10,000 gallons of oil spilled from an undersea pipe on Monday near Santa Barbara County in Southern California. As of Monday afternoon, the slick was 1.5 miles offshore and drifting toward land. It was expected to reach shore late Monday."
Flooded gold/copper markets ignore El Nino in PNG (Reuters 9/26)
"International markets awash in copper and gold have taken little notice of the drought that has brought two of Papua New Guinea's biggest mines, the Porgera and Ok Tedi deposits in the remote Highlands region, to a standstill. In the case of Porgera, a lode capable of yielding up to one million ounces of gold a year to its PNG, Australian and Canadian partners, a lack of rainfall since early August has left hydro-powered milling operations paralysed."
New map of ocean floor (UPI 9/25)
"Scientists have developed a new, high-resolution map of the world's sea floors. The latest maps show all intermediate and large-scale structures of the ocean basins, including new mountain ranges such as the Foundation Seamounts in the South Pacific. They weren't revealed by conventional mapping but through satellite gravity data."
New data supports theory of moon's creation (CNN 9/24)
"The leading theory of how the moon was created, a powerful cosmic collision dubbed the Big Whack, has gotten an important boost. The idea is that 4.5 billion years ago, an object more massive than Mars slammed into the infant Earth so hard that the object's iron core plunged to the center of our planet. It might have even hit twice, with a glancing blow the first time."
Workers Drop Valuable Dino Skeleton (Washington Post/AP 9/24)
"Clumsy workers dropped a 75 million-year-old dinosaur skeleton outside a museum, bringing scientists to tears as the precious fossil broke into 188 pieces. One of the centerpieces was to have been the skeleton of a duck-billed hypacrosaurus, but workers dropped its crate two weeks ago as they were unloading it from a truck."
NASA unveils unprecedented Earth images (CNN 9/23)
"The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) on Tuesday showed unprecedented color images of the oceans on planet Earth. The images were relayed by the Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor instrument, generally known as SeaWiFS."
Colo. Diamond May Set Record (Washington Post/AP 9/23)
"A dime-sized finished diamond that tips the scales at more than 16 carats, found in a Colorado mine, may be the biggest cut stone of its kind from North America, a diamond merchant said Tuesday."
Famous, Infamous Gems Get New Washington Setting (Reuters 9/19)
"The Smithsonian Institution has provided a cozy home for the Hope diamond and other gems for decades, but now they are ensconced in the Janet Annenberg Hooker Hall of Geology, Gems and Minerals, which officially opens Saturday."
Mammoth Sperm Search Fails (Washington Post/AP 9/19)
"Japanese and other scientists searched Siberian ice fields this month but failed to find the 10,000-year-old frozen sperm needed to recreate a woolly mammoth. The research team, led by genetics specialist and veterinarian Kazufumi Goto, returned last week from a site along the Kolimaya River in western Siberia, where a number of mammoth fossils have been found buried under permafrost."
Mars: the dead planet? Probe detects weak magnetic field (CNN 9/18)
"Mars is in its death throes or already dead, according to a NASA scientist who interpreted data from the Mars Global Surveyor that shows a weak magnetic field from the red planet's interior."
Dig may have uncovered biggest T-rex on record (CNN 9/16)
"What may be the largest Tyrannosaurus rex fossil ever found has been unearthed on a Montana cattle ranch, touching off a dispute over who has claim to the site."
Discovery Of A Shiny Marine Fossil Is Latest Evidence That British Columbia Was Once Part Of Baja California (Science Daily 9/15)
"Small sea creatures that have lain in pristine condition for eons have given a University of Washington researcher the clearest evidence yet that about 80 million years ago a southern landmass began migrating to the north. And what today are rainy British Columbia and chilly southern Alaska were once the sunny climes of Baja California."
The power of cool (New Scientist 9/13)
"The way ice hills called pingos push themselves out of the frozen Arctic soil has long puzzled scientists. Now a Japanese researcher has explained how these mounds apparently defy gravity. They are powered by energy from vibrating water molecules in the soil below, he says."
British Columbia was where Baja California is (CNN 9/12)
"Residents of British Columbia who think its cool, wet climate is somehow unsuitable may be intuitively right -- it used to be 2,000 miles south, where Baja California is now."
Fossilized dinosaur embryo hailed as gigantic find (CNN 9/12)
"Her name is Nicole, and while she was never born, paleontologists are hailing her as one of the greatest scientific finds of the century."
Surveyor ready to map Mars (CNN 9/12)
"With the Mars Global Surveyor in orbit, NASA scientists said Friday they hoped to get a complete overview of Mars to go along with the ground view Pathfinder has been providing since it landed on the planet surface two months ago."
Air Force study suggests Russian event was earthquake, not nuclear test (CNN 9/12)
"A classified Air Force study finds that a tremor detected near a Russian nuclear testing area occurred under water, making it likely that it was an earth tremor, not a nuclear test."
Temperature Of Pacific Ocean Influences Midwest Rains (Science Daily 9/11)
"A correlation between summertime sea-surface temperatures in the Pacific Ocean and precipitation rates in the Great Plains may lead to improved seasonal predictions of drought and flood potentials, researchers at the University of Illinois report."
Soufriere Hills, Montserrat, West Indies (Volcano World 9/10)
"Soufriere Hills, a stratovolcano on the island of Montserrat, began erupting on July 18, 1995. This is the first recorded eruption of this volcano in historic time." Summary of recent events with photo.
Sea ice meltdown (New Scientist 9/6)
"A quarter of the sea ice around Antarctica has disappeared this century, says an Australian fisheries scientist."
El Nino Warms N. California Coast (Washington Post/AP 9/6)
"Something strange is going on off the Northern California coast: The water is so warm that surfers don't need wetsuits, and fish rarely seen this far north are leaping in the waves. The reason is El Nino, the cyclical flow of warm water from the equator."
Scientists growling over T-Rex auction (CNN 9/5)
'Sue' is the most complete and largest Tyrannosaurus Rex fossil discovered to date. But now its rightful owner plans to put the precious bones on the auction block -- the first such sale of its kind. The expected $1 million bid causes some scientists to worry about the impact of the auction on dinosaur research."


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