Verbs and Verbals: Verb + Infinitive (
+ Base Form)
His father wanted
The following verbs are commonly followed by an infinitive (
+ base form):
Verb + to + Base Form
Other languages do not follow the same verb chains as English. In Spanish, for example, the word for
is followed by an -
form; in English
is followed by an infinitive.
He refused criticizing the system.
He refused to criticize the system.
In a verb + infinitive pattern, the position of the negative affects meaning. Note the difference in meaning that the position of a negative (
) can create.
He did not decide to buy a new car. His wife did.
He decided not to buy a new car. His wife was disappointed.
Verb + Noun or Pronoun + Infinitive
Verb + Noun or Pronoun + Base Form