General William Westmoreland takes charge of U.S. Military Assistance Command in South Vietnam.
Three civil rights workers murdered by white segregationists in Mississippi.
Martin Luther King, Jr. wins Nobel Peace Prize.
Twenty-fourth Amendment outlaws the poll tax (a measure used against black voters).
Economic Opportunity Act initiates War on Poverty.
Lyndon Johnson is reelected president in a landslide over Senator Barry Goldwater.
U.S. commences bombing of North Vietnam.
A total Of 23,300 U.S. military personnel in Vietnam.
Malcolm X leaves the Nation of Islam to form his own group.
The bracero program of importing cheap Mexican labor ends.
First Asian American woman, Patsy Mink, elected to the U.S. House of Representatives from Hawaii.
Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party founded by Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) activists including Fannie Lou Hamer and Amzie Moore.
Freedom Summer in Mississippi.President Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (July 2).
Gulf of Tonkin Incident: North Vietnamese patrol boats exchange fire with U.S. ships off the coast of Vietnam; the Tonkin Gulf Resolution gives President Johnson the authority to order increased military operations in Vietnam (August 2).