John Fitzgerald Kennedy, a Catholic, defeats Richard M. Nixon for the presidency.
National Liberation Front of South Vietnam (NLF) established.
Founding of Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC).
Civil Rights Act of 1960.
Eighty percent of all deaths from illegal abortions in the 1960s were African American and Puerto Rican women.
Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) benefits three million people.
Soviets capture Francis Gary Powers, a U.S. pilot shot down while flying a U-2 spy plane over Russia.
For the first time, Mexican Americans are a sizable portion of the electorate; as a result, they organize support for the Kennedy-Johnson presidential ticket.
Four freshmen at a Negro college in Greensboro, North Carolina, demand to be served at a Woolworth's lunch counter; sit-in movement begins (February 1).