A group of Southern black ministers, including Martin Luther King, Jr., founds the Southern Christian Leadership Conference.The integration of Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas, causes a crisis when Governor Orval Faubus resists; President Eisenhower is forced to send National Guard troops to Little Rock to preserve order and protect students.
The Soviet Union launches Sputnik,
the first man-made satellite.
Eisenhower Doctrine announced.
Civil Rights Act (first since Reconstruction).