Dwight D. Eisenhower is reelected president.
"Southern Manifesto" against school integration signed by 101 southern congressmen.
Soviet intervention in Poland and Hungary.
Congress passes the Interstate Highway Act, the largest public works project in American history.
South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem refuses to allow democratic elections, fearing a victory by Ho Chi Minh; President Eisenhower supports Diem's decision.
Repeal of alien land laws in California.