A coup planned and implemented by the CIA overthrows the elected government of Guatemela.
Army-McCarthy hearings.Hernandez v. Texas:
Mexican Americans are granted equal protection under the Fourteenth Amendment.
"Operation Wetback" begins; over the next four years more than four million people of Mexican descent are deported.Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka: segregation of school children based solely on race violates the equal-protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution.
Dienbienphu falls to Ho’s Vietminh (May 7).
Ngo Dinh Diem becomes South Vietnam’s premier (July).Geneva Accords formally end Indochina War between France and Viet Minh; Vietnam partitioned into North and South Vietnam (July 21).