Communist forces under Mao Tse-tung seize power in China; Nationalist government flees to Formosa (Taiwan).
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is organized for the defense of Western Europe.
After China installs a Communist government, refugee status is granted to five thousand highly educated Chinese living in the U.S.
The U.S. severs ties with the newly formed People's Republic of China.
Eugenie Moore Anderson, the first woman to hold an ambassadorship, is appointed U.S. ambassador to Denmark.
East and West Germany founded as separate nations.
Soviet Union detonates atomic bomb.