Vietnamese leader Ho Chi Minh makes declaration of independence from France.
U.S. army discovers and liberates Nazi concentration camps.
U.S. Marines invade Iwo Jima (February).
Yalta Conference: President Roosevelt, Prime Minister Churchill, Premier Stalin (February).
U.S. forces expel Japanese from the Philippines (February 23).
U.S. invades Okinawa in final amphibious landing of the war (April).
President Roosevelt dies from a cerebral hemorrhage; Harry S. Truman assumes the presidency (April 12).German General Jodl signs instrument of surrender at Allied headquarters in Reims (May 7).
Potsdam Conference: President Truman, Premier Stalin, Prime Minister Churchill (July).Atomic bomb is dropped on the Japanese city of Hiroshima; the entire center of the city is obliterated (August 6).Second atomic bomb is dropped on Japan; Nagasaki is incinerated (August 9).Japan surrenders to the U.S., ending World War II (September 2).
Opening of Nuremberg War Tribunal (October 18).
United Nations formed (October 24).