The One-hundredth Battalion, composed of Nisei from Hawaii, is sent to Africa.
U.S. and Mexican governments reach an agreement allowing temporary workers (braceros) to enter U.S.
Repeal of the Chinese Exclusion Act.
Coal miners strike; Smith-Connally War Labor Disputes Act.
Incident at Topaz Relocation Center; in response, Tule Lake Relocation Center is designated as a segregation center.
Los Angeles race riot.
British and American armies invade Sicily.
Soviet victory in Battle of Stalingrad.
U.S. Government administers "loyalty questionnaire" to interned Japanese Americans.
U.S. begins submarine warfare against nonmilitary Japanese ships.
President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill meet at Casablanca Conference and determine that war cannot end without unconditional German surrender (January).
Japan withdraws from Aleutian Islands (May).
Race riot rocks Detroit; 25 blacks, 9 whites killed, over 700 people injured (June 20).
Martial law imposed at Tule Lake Relocation Center.
President Roosevelt, Prime Minister Churchill, and Premier Stalin meet at Teheran Conference; first meeting of the "Big Three" (November).