A. Philip Randolph's Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters and Maids recognized by Pullman Company.
National Housing Act.
Japan invades China.
U.S. Steel, General Motors, and Chrysler sign union contracts.
President Roosevelt delivers "Quarantine" speech.
Farm Security Administration (FSA) replaces the Resettlement Administration.
President Roosevelt’s "court-packing" plan defeated.
Hugo Black appointed to the Supreme Court.
Autoworkers’ sit-down strike against General Motors ends (February).
Supreme Court finds the Wagner Act constitutional.
Chairman of the Steel Workers Organizing Committee Philip Murray urges black support for unions in a speech to the National Negro Congress.
Appointment of first African American federal judge, William H. Hastie.
Final ethnic strike takes place in Hawaii
The "Roosevelt recession" begins.
Twice as many union members involved in work stoppages this year than in 1936.
"Memorial Day Massacre": a group of union demonstrators are fired upon while protesting at Republic Steel in South Chicago, Illinois; four killed, 84 injured. (May 30)
U.S.S. Panay, a U.S. Navy gunboat, is sunk by the Japanese in China (December 12).