Alien land law passed in California; prohibits "aliens ineligible to citizenship" from buying or leasing land for more than three years.
Federal Reserve Act: first thorough reorganization of the nation's banking system since the Civil War.
Thirty thousand march for female suffrage in New York.
Sixteenth Amendment to the Constitution is ratified; authorizes Congress to impose taxes on incomes.
Seventeenth Amendment to the Constitution is ratified; provides for popular election of U.S. senators.
Establishment of the U.S. Department of Labor
Marchers for female suffrage are mobbed in Washington, D.C. parade.
Hindustani Association founded by Sikhs in Washington and Oregon.
The revolutionary Ghadar Party organized by Asian Indians in California.
Filipino Unemployed Association founded in Hawaii by Pablo Manlapit.
Residents of Hemet, California forcibly expel Korean farmworkers. Anarchist Emma Goldman deported. Trial of Leo Frank in Atlanta.
Webb-Alien Landholding Bill prevents Japanese from owning U.S. land.
Northwest Japanese Association of America organized in Seattle.