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The Heath Anthology of American Literature, Fifth Edition
Paul Lauter, General Editor
Timeline - 1903

To jump to a new date on the timeline, enter a date between 1530 and 2000 and click Go.
Mary Austin

   The Land of Little Rain

Willa Cather
   April Twilights (poetry)

W.E.B. Du Bois
from  The Souls of Black Folk
   Chapter I: "Of Our Spiritual Strivings"**
   Chapter III: "Of Mr. Booker T. Washington and Others"**
   Chapter XIV: "Of the Sorrow Songs"**
Is Booker T Washington Crazy? TEXT file
Sorrow Songs/Spirituals Sound file

Paul Laurence Dunbar
   In Old Plantation Days
   Lyrics of Love and Laughter

Pauline Elizabeth Hopkins
   Of One Blood, or, the Hidden Self
   As the Lord Lives, He Is One of Our Mother's Children

Henry James
   The Beast in the Jungle**
   The Ambassadors

E. Pauline Johnson (Tekahionwake)
   The Corn Husker**

Jack London
   The Call of the Wild

Gertrude Stein
   from The Making of Americans

Related Literary Events
Kay Boyle was born.

Countee Cullen was born.

Younghill Kang was born.

Frederick Law Olmstead died.

Other Literary Publications
- Frank Norris, The Pit
- Kate Douglas Wiggin, Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm
Arrival of seven thousand Korean workers in Hawaii; they are the first group of strikebreakers brought in against Japanese workers.

Panama Revolts from Colombia; U.S. recognizes new country immediately.

President Roosevelt creates the national forest system.

Hay–Herrán Treaty rejected by Colombia.

"Revolution" in Panama organized by Philippe Bunau-Varilla.
Hay–Bunau-Varilla Treaty.

Japanese-Mexican Labor Association, the first farmworker union, founded in Oxnard, California.

Mexican American copper miners strike in Clifton, Morenci, and Metcalf, Arizona.

Large influx of Korean immigrants to Hawaii.

Strike in Oxnard, California by fifteen hundred Japanese and Mexican sugar beet workers.

U.S. Department of Labor and Commerce is created.

U.S acquires perpetual control over Panama Canal Zone.

Korean Evangelical Society established in Hawaii.

text file  Orville and Wilbur Wright successfully test their heavier-than-air flying machine at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.

Ford Motor Company founded.

Boston (American League) and Pittsburgh (National League) play baseball's first World Series.

Arrival of Filipino students (pensionados) seeking higher education.

text file  Is Booker T Washington Crazy?

text file  Is Booker T Washington Crazy?

c. 1903
Mary Austin
   Literary America