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The Heath Anthology of American Literature, Fifth Edition
Paul Lauter, General Editor
Timeline - 1900

To jump to a new date on the timeline, enter a date between 1530 and 2000 and click Go.
Gertrude Bonnin (Zitkala-Sa) (Sioux)
from The School Days of an Indian Girl
   Chapter I: "The Land of Red Apples"**
   Chapter II: "The Cutting of My Long Hair"**
   Chapter III: "The Snow Episode"**
   Chapter VI: "Four Strange Summers"**
   Chapter VII: "Incurring My Mother's Displeasure"**
Photographic portraits of
Zitkala Sa
Image file
Charles Waddell Chesnutt
   The House Behind the Cedars

Theodore Dreiser
   Sister Carrie

Paul Laurence Dunbar
   The Love of Landry
   The Strength of Gideon and Other Stories

Finley Peter Dunne
   Mr. Dooley's Philosophy

Pauline Elizabeth Hopkins
   Contending Forces: A Romance Illustrative of Negro Life North and South
   A Dash for Liberty**

William Dean Howells
   Literary Friends and Acquaintances
Mr. Charles W. Chesnutt's Stories**
   Letters to the Editor of the New York Tribune**
   Mary E. Wilkins's Short Stories**

Sarah Orne Jewett
The Foreigner**

James Weldon Johnson
   Lift Every Voice and Sing**

Harriet Prescott Spofford
   Old Madame and Other Tragedies

Related Literary Events
Blues Lyrics, c. 1900
Meridel LeSueur was born.
Stephen Crane died.
Julia A.J. Foote died.
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union (ILGWU) founded.

Carrie Chapman Catt becomes president of the National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA).

Currency Act officially places U.S. on gold standard.

Second Open Door Notes on China.

Socialist Party of America organized.

Strike by United Mine Workers of America in Gallup, New Mexico (first Western strike by the UMWA).

New Orleans race riot.

Organic Act; all U.S. laws now apply to Hawaii, effectively ends contract labor in the islands.

San Francisco’s Chinatown is quarantined after a bubonic plague scare.

Foraker Act makes Puerto Rico an official U.S. territory.

William McKinley reelected president.

Hurricane wipes out Galveston, Texas in worst U.S. national disaster.
Migration of Japanese plantation workers from Hawaii to the mainland.

image file   Photograph of Theodore Dreiser (c. 1900).

National Negro Business League organized.

image file   Aaron Copland is born.

text file   Tenements of Manhattan's Lower East Side (c. 1900).

image file   Images of New York City tenements (c. 1900).

text file   Ida B. Wells-Barnett publishes Mob Rule in New Orleans.

The average American woman bears 3.56 children.

Five million wage-earning women in the U.S.—one-fifth of the labor force.

text file   Photographic portraits of Zitkala Sa

image fileScratchy Wilson's Maroon Flannel Shirt