Irish Unionists known as the "Molly McGuires" hanged in Pennsylvania.
Official end of Reconstruction; federal troops withdraw from southern states.
Electoral commission decides election in favor of Rutherford B. Hayes.
The last Republican-controlled governments overthrown in Florida, Louisiana, and South Carolina.
Munn v. Illinois.
Marxist Working Men's Party renamed Socialist Labor Party.
The Gospel Society established in San Francisco by Japanese Christians; it is the first Japanese immigrant association.
California experiences anti-Chinese violence.
Nez Percé War: the Nez Percé Indians under Chief Joseph are defeated in the Northwest and assigned a reservation in Oklahoma.
Great Strike of 1877 begins with railroad workers' walkout; sympathy strikes within other industries follow.
Desert Land Act.
Mary Putnam Jacobi, Question of Rest for Women During Menstruation
Thomas Edison invents the phonograph.
Helen Magill earns a Ph.D. from Boston University, becoming the first American woman with a doctorate.