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The Heath Anthology of American Literature, Fifth Edition
Paul Lauter, General Editor
Timeline - 1870

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Pio Pico
   from Historical Narrative

Harriet Beecher Stowe
   Lady Byron Vindicated

Walt Whitman
 from Drum-Taps
   Ethiopia Saluting the Colors**

Related Literary Events
Augustus Baldwin Longstreet died.
Economic recession hits the nation.

First black senator, Reverand Hiram R. Revels of Mississippi, elected to Congress.

Congress readmits the four remaining southern states to the Union.

Enforcement Act of 1870.

Naturalization Act passed by Congress; excludes Chinese immigrants from U.S. citizenship.

Mob violence by unemployed whites against Chinese immigrants in California; prompted by recession and joblessness.

Chinese workers in Texas sue railroad company for failure to pay wages.

The Standard Oil Company is incorporated, with John D. Rockefeller as president.

California passes law against importation of Chinese, Japanese, and "Mongolian" women for prostitution.

Utah gives full suffrage to women.

Enforcement Act attempts to halt violence of Ku Klux Klan.

Fifteenth Amendment to the Constitution is ratified: "The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be abridged..."

image file  P.T. Barnum founds his first traveling circus

Philadelphia Colored Women's Christian Association formed.

text file  In her will, Sophia Smith of Hatfield, Massachusetts, endows an educational institution to give young women advantages equalling those of men.

Sixty percent of all women employed outside the home work in domestic service.