Economic recession hits the nation.
First black senator, Reverand Hiram R. Revels of Mississippi, elected to Congress.
Congress readmits the four remaining southern states to the Union.
Enforcement Act of 1870.
Naturalization Act passed by Congress; excludes Chinese immigrants from U.S. citizenship.
Mob violence by unemployed whites against Chinese immigrants in California; prompted by recession and joblessness.
Chinese workers in Texas sue railroad company for failure to pay wages.
The Standard Oil Company is incorporated, with John D. Rockefeller as president.
California passes law against importation of Chinese, Japanese, and "Mongolian" women for prostitution.
Utah gives full suffrage to women.
Enforcement Act attempts to halt violence of Ku Klux Klan.
Fifteenth Amendment to the Constitution is ratified: "The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be abridged..."