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The Heath Anthology of American Literature, Fifth Edition
Paul Lauter, General Editor
Timeline - 1865

To jump to a new date on the timeline, enter a date between 1530 and 2000 and click Go.
1864
1866
Year
Literary
Historical
Cultural
1865
William Cullen Bryant
   Abraham Lincoln**

Lydia Maria Child
   The Freedmen's Book

Samuel Langhorne Clemens (Mark Twain)
   Goldsmith's Friend Abroad Again**
   Jim Smiley and His Jumping Frog**
   The Man that Corrupted Hadleyburg**

Henry David Thoreau
   Cape Cod
   Letters to Various Persons

Walt Whitman
 from By the Roadside
   When I Heard the Learn'd Astronomer**
 from Drum-Taps
   A March in the Ranks Hard-Prest, and the Road Unknown**
   As I Lay with My Head in Your Lap Camerado**
   Cavalry Crossing a Ford**
   Reconciliation**
   The Artilleryman's Vision**
   Vigil Strange I Kept on the Field One Night**
   Year That Trembled and Reel'd Beneath Me**
 from Memories of President Lincoln
   When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom'd**
 from Whispers of Heavenly Death
   Quicksand Years**

Related Literary Events
African American Folktales, c. 1865

Edith Maud Eaton (Sui Sin Far) was born.

Abraham Lincoln died.

Lydia Howard Huntley Sigourney died.
Ex-Confederate states hold constitutional conventions (May–December).

Several southern states institute "Black Codes," restricting rights of former slaves.

Black conventions begin in the ex-Confederate states (May–December).

Sherman moves through South Carolina (January).

Central Pacific Railroad Co. recruits Chinese workers for first transcontinental railroad (January).

Freedmen's Bureau established (March 3).

General Grant captures Richmond, VA (April 3).

General Robert E. Lee surrenders to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomatox Court House (April 9).

President Lincoln Assassinated; Shot by John Wilkes Booth While Attending the Theater (April 14).

Andrew Johnson becomes president (April 15).

Joseph Johnston surrenders to Sherman (April 18).

Explosion of the steamship Sultana kills seventeen hundred people, mostly returning Union soldiers (April 27).

Johnson issues Proclamation of Amnesty (May 29).

Mary Surratt hanged for her role in the assassination of President Lincoln; first woman executed by the federal government (July).

Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution is ratified: "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States..." (December 6).

c. 1865
Emily Dickinson
   [A narrow Fellow in the Grass]**
   [The Missing All, prevented Me]**

Elizabeth Stoddard
   Two Men

1864
1866







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