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The Heath Anthology of American Literature, Fifth Edition
Paul Lauter, General Editor
Timeline - 1863

To jump to a new date on the timeline, enter a date between 1530 and 2000 and click Go.
Louisa May Alcott
   Hospital Sketches
   My Contraband**
The Civil War Nurse Text file
The Massachusetts 54th Text file

Abraham Lincoln
   Address at the Dedication of the Gettysburg National Cemetery** image file
   Second Inaugural Address** image file

Wendell Phillips
   from Toussaint L'Ouverture
   Speeches, Lectures, and Letters

Harriet Prescott Spofford
   The Amber Gods and Other Stories

Elizabeth Stoddard
   Lemorne Versus Huell**

Harriet Beecher Stowe
   Sojourner Truth, the Libyan Sibyl**

Related Literary Events
Elaine Goodale Eastman was born.

Other literary publications
- Memoirs of Old Elizabeth, a Coloured Woman
Formation of Fifty-fourth Massachusetts Volunteers, first all-black U.S. Army regiment.

Formation of the First Battalion of Native Cavalry; first Hispanic regiment.

Rochester, New York holds a trades' assembly; marks the revival of trade unions in America.

The First International (Marxist labor organization) begins in London.

National Bank Act (February).

President Lincoln suspends writ of habeas corpus nationwide (January).

West Virginia splits from Virginia, is admitted to the Union.

Battle of Chickamauga (September).

President Lincoln issues Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction.

President Lincoln signs Emancipation Proclamation: frees all slaves in areas still in rebellion (January 1).

Congress votes to conscript male citizens ages twenty to forty-five, excluding those who send a substitute or pay $300 (March).

Lee wins the Battle of Chancellorsville (May).

Antidraft riots in New York City quelled by Union soldiers (July).

Battle of Gettysburg: Union forces under General Meade decisively defeat Confederate forces under General Lee (July 3).

Vicksburg falls to Union forces, opening up the Mississippi (July 4).

Quantrill's Raiders butcher the town of Lawrence, Kansas (August).

text fileThe Civil War Nurse

text fileThe Massachusetts 54th
c. 1863
Emily Dickinson
   [Because I could not stop for Death]**
   [Essential Oilsare wrung]**
   [My Life had stooda Loaded Gun]**
   [One need not be a Chamberto be Haunted]**
   [Presentimentis that long Shadowon the Lawn]**
   [Publicationis the Auction]**
   [She rose to His Requirementdropt]**
   [They say that "Time Assuages"]**