Mary Boykin Chesnut
from Mary Chesnut's Civil War
Rebecca Harding Davis
Life in the Iron Mills**
Mid-Nineteenth Century Views of
Industrialization Thomas Wentworth Higginson
from Nat Turner's Insurrection
Harriet Ann Jacobs
from Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl
Chapter I: "Childhood"**
Chapter VI: "The Jealous Mistress"**
Chapter X: "A Perilous Passage in the Slave Girls Life"**
Chapter XLI: "Free at Last"**
Chapter XVI: "Scenes at the Plantation"**
Chapter XXI: "The Loophole of Retrea"t**
Beat! Beat! Drums!**
Related Literary EventsLouise Imogen Guiney
was born.Sophie Jewett
was born.E. Pauline Johnson (Tekahionwake)
Meeting of National Convention of Workingmen in Philadelphia.
The remaining lower South states secede.
Crittenden compromise plan collapses.
Upper South secedes.
President Lincoln calls for volunteers to suppress the rebellion (April).
Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina join the Confederacy (April–May).
President Lincoln imposes a naval blockade on the South (April).
Emancipation of Russian serfs by Czar Alexander II.
Confederate States of America names Jefferson Davis as president.
Income tax is introduced to pay for Civil War.
Confederate States of America established.
Civil War begins with attack on Fort Sumter near Charleston, South Carolina (April 12).
Battle of Bull Run, first major engagement of the Civil War, is won by the Confederate States of America (July 21).
First Confiscation Act (August).
Free blacks in the North petitioned President Lincoln for the right to bear arms. Their service was accepted later in the Civil War.
First Ph.D. awarded in the U.S., at Yale University.
Vassar College founded.